资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 1870-1882.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.10.05

• 理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国自然资源综合区划理论研究与技术方案

张海燕1(), 樊江文1, 黄麟1, 汤宇磊2, 岳颖3, 杨玉3, 刘晓煌4()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国地质调查局地球物理调查中心,廊坊 065000
    3. 河南理工大学应急管理学院,焦作 454000
    4. 中国地质调查局自然资源综合调查指挥中心,北京 100055
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-10 修回日期:2020-10-20 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘晓煌
  • 作者简介:张海燕,女,山东潍坊人,博士,主要从事自然资源管理与草地生态学方面研究。E-mail: zhanghaiyan823@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后面上基金项目(2019M650820);全国自然资源要素综合观测体系规划与部署项目(DD20208063);中国科学院战略先导专项(XDA23060405);青藏高原自然资源要素综合观测试点项目(DD20208064)

Theories and technical methods for the comprehensive regionalization of natural resources in China

ZHANG Haiyan1(), FAN Jiangwen1, HUANG Lin1, TANG Yulei2, YUE Ying3, YANG Yu3, LIU Xiaohuang4()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Center for Geophysical Survey, China Geology Survey, Langfang 065000, China
    3. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
    4. Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Command Center, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100055, China
  • Received:2020-09-10 Revised:2020-10-20 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25
  • Contact: LIU Xiaohuang

摘要:

自然资源综合区划是土地、矿产、森林、草地、湿地、水和海域海岛等复合自然资源空间异质性的直接反映,是分区、分类、分级推进自然资源综合观测体系构建和野外科学观测研究站布设的重要科学依据。目前中国自然资源综合区划理论研究较为欠缺,且技术方案尚未形成一套科学准确的评价范式。本文基于自然资源格局、演变和功能特性,以山水林田湖草生命共同体系统管理为出发点,阐述了自然资源综合区划的概念框架;按照主体性、整体性、多尺度、等级性和发展性五大原则,提出了区划技术方案,并初步开展实证研究;最后,比较了自然资源综合区划与自然区划和生态区划的差异。本文研究成果可增强对自然资源耦合关系和分异特征的科学认识,促进多学科建设,服务于自然资源治理体系建设等国家战略需求。

关键词: 中国, 自然资源, 综合区划, 时空属性, 技术方案

Abstract:

The comprehensive regionalization of natural resources directly reflects the spatial heterogeneity of complex natural resources of land, minerals, forests, grasslands, wetlands, waters, islands, and so on. It provides an important scientific basis for the construction of the national natural resources observation system and the spatial distribution of scientific field observation stations by zones, categories, and levels. At present, theoretical research on the comprehensive regionalization of natural resources in China is still lacking. Furthermore, a scientific and accurate evaluation paradigm for its technical methods has not been formed. First, based on the spatial pattern and dynamic characteristics of natural resources, and starting with the systematic management of mountain, water, forest, cropland, and grassland systems, this article presented a conceptual framework for the comprehensive regionalization of natural resources. Next, we developed an indicator system and technical methods for the comprehensive regionalization of natural resources according to the basic principles of subjectivity, integrality, multiple scale, hierarchy, and expansibility. Finally, we examined the differences between the comprehensive regionalization of natural resources and natural system and ecological regionalization. This study may help enhance our knowledge of the coupling relationship and differentiation characteristics of natural resources, promote multidisciplinary development, and serve the requirements of the national strategies including the system of natural resource management.

Key words: China, natural resources, comprehensive regionalization, spatiotemporal attributes, technical methods