资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 1860-1869.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.10.04

• 理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向统一管理的自然资源分类体系研究

孙兴丽1(), 刘晓煌2, 刘晓洁3(), 高娟4, 朱樟柳2, 郑文艺5   

  1. 1. 河北地质大学自然资源资产资本研究中心,石家庄 050031
    2. 中国地质调查局自然资源综合调查指挥中心,北京 100055
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    4. 自然资源部调查监测司,北京 100812
    5. 中国地质大学(武汉)地质调查研究院,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-05 修回日期:2020-10-15 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘晓洁
  • 作者简介:孙兴丽,女,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为资源经济学。E-mail: 406371089@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    基于统一管理的自然资源综合分类项目(200410);全国自然资源要素综合观测体系规划与部署项目(DD20208063);自然资源要素综合观测数据集成与应用服务项目(DD20208067)

Classification system of natural resources for integrated management

SUN Xingli1(), LIU Xiaohuang2, LIU Xiaojie3(), GAO Juan4, ZHU Zhangliu2, ZHENG Wenyi5   

  1. 1. Hebei University of Geosciences, Shijiazhuang 050031, China
    2. Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Command Center, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100055, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Department of Investigation and Monitoring, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100812, China
    5. Institute of Geological Survey, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2020-06-05 Revised:2020-10-15 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25
  • Contact: LIU Xiaojie

摘要:

探索建立新的管理体制下自然资源分类体系对资源管理具有重要的意义。现有自然资源的学理、法理和管理分类在资源管理上存在交叉重叠、分类标准不统一、不利于掌握资源家底等现实问题。通过深入剖析自然资源统一管理的基本内涵,认为新的自然资源分类应该以满足资源管理为基础,还要与现有法律有效衔接、与现有分类有效融合。基于此,本文提出了分类标准统一清晰、新旧分类有效衔接以及学理、法理、管理分类有机结合的分类原则,构建了面向自然资源统一管理的包括3个一级类15个二级类53个三级类的自然资源分类体系。

关键词: 自然资源, 内涵, 分类体系, 统一管理

Abstract:

Exploring the establishment of the classification system under the new institutional arrangements for resource management is important for the integrated management of natural resources. This study analyzed the existing natural resource theories, jurisprudence, and management classifications, which cannot well avoid the overlap of natural resource management and the classification standards are not uniform, which is not conducive to producing a clear inventory of natural resources. It further analyzed the basic connotation of integrated management of natural resources by combining natural resource element management and integrated management, hierarchical management and classified management, and resource supervision and resource asset management. On this basis, the requirements for resource classification in connection with existing laws, effective integration with traditional classification, and integrated management of natural resources are discussed, and unified classification standards, effective connection between new and old classifications, and organic integration of academic, legal, and management classifications are proposed. Based on the classification principles, a natural resource classification system of 3 main categories, 15 sub-categories, and 53 types was constructed for the integrated management of natural resources.

Key words: natural resources, connotation, classification system, integrated management