资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 1839-1848.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.10.02

• 专家笔谈 • 上一篇    下一篇

专家笔谈:多学科融合视角下的自然资源要素综合观测体系构建

吴国雄1(), 郑度2, 尹伟伦3, 南志标4, 傅伯杰5, 于贵瑞2, 夏军6, 刘炯天7, 高学民8, 王凤鸣9, 宋长青5, 段晓男10, 刘刚11   

  1. 1. 中国科学院大气物理研究所,北京 100029
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院,北京 100083
    4. 兰州大学草地农业科技学院,兰州 730020
    5. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心,北京 100085
    6. 武汉大学水安全研究院,武汉 430072
    7. 郑州大学,郑州 450052
    8. 自然资源部科技发展司,北京 100812
    9. 河北地质大学,石家庄 050031
    10. 中国科学院前沿科学与教育局,北京 100864
    11. 南丹麦大学工学院生命周期工程研究中心,欧登塞 5230,丹麦
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-10 修回日期:2020-10-15 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-12-25
  • 作者简介:吴国雄,中国科学院院士,LASG学术委员会主任,国际气象和大气科学协会(IAMAS)主席,主要从事气候学,环境科学与资源利用等研究。E-mail: gxwu@lasg.iap.ac.cn

Insights: Building a national comprehensive observation system of natural resource elements from the perspective of multidisciplinary integration

WU Guoxiong1(), ZHENG Du2, YIN Weilun3, NAN Zhibiao4, FU Bojie5, YU Guirui2, XIA Jun6, LIU Jiongtian7, GAO Xuemin8, WANG Fengming9, SONG Changqing5, DUAN Xiaonan10, LIU Gang11   

  1. 1. Institute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Biological Science and Technology, Beijing Foresty University, Beijing 100083, China
    4. College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020, China
    5. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
    6. Institute of Water Security, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    7. Zhengzhou University, Zhenzhou 450052, China
    8. Science and Technology Development Division, Minstry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100812, China
    9. Hebei Geology University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China
    10. Bureau of Frontier Science and Education, CAS, Beijing 100864, China
    11. SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense 5230, Denmark
  • Received:2020-09-10 Revised:2020-10-15 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25

摘要:

自然资源要素综合观测体系建设是自然资源部的基础性、公益性工程,是全面贯彻习近平生态文明思想、践行山水林田湖草生命共同体发展理念,履行自然资源“两统一”管理职责的重要举措,为系统、全面认识自然资源变化规律、预判未来发展趋势提供基础数据支撑。自然资源要素综合观测体系建设重点工作主要包括:第一,充分考虑多学科融合,做好顶层设计;第二,继承和发扬青藏科考精神,打造一支吃苦耐劳、稳定的观测队伍;第三,充分考虑森林、草地等不同资源之间的耦合,依托自然资源要素综合观测体系加强综合研究;借鉴国内外生态系统观测经验,利用现代化手段,科学搭建多尺度网络;第四,打破壁垒形成合力,探索不同观测网络、单位之间合作机制,服务国家重大需求;第五,明确核心任务,坚持点-线-面结合;第六,探索多部门合作,试点示范先行。

关键词: 自然资源要素, 综合观测, 体系构建, 多学科交叉, 多部门融合, 多尺度网络

Abstract:

The construction of a comprehensive observation system for natural resource elements is a foundational and public welfare project of the Ministry of Natural Resources. It is an important measure to fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on Ecological Civilization, to practice the development concept of “a community of shared life” of mountains, waters, forests, croplands, and grasslands, and to fulfill the “two unifications” management responsibilities of natural resources. It provides basic data support for systematic and comprehensive understandings of the law of natural resources movement and predictions of future development trends. Key tasks for constructing the comprehensive observation system mainly include: First, thoroughly improving integration of multiple disciplines and top-level design; Second, inheriting and carrying forward the spirit of the Qinghai-Tibet Scientific Expedition, and building a diligent and stable observation team; Third, considering the coupling of different resources, such as forests and grasslands, and strengthening comprehensive research based on observation systems; drawing on the experience of ecosystem observations both in China and abroad, and using modern methods to build multi-scale networks scientifically; Fourth, breaking barriers to form synergy, exploring the cooperation mechanism between different observation networks and units, and serving major national needs of China; Fifth, clarifying the core tasks, and adhering to the point-line-surface integration principle; Sixth, exploring multi-sector cooperation and conducting pilot demonstrations.

Key words: natural resource elements, comprehensive observation, system development, cross-disciplinary corporation, multi-sectoral integration, multi-scale network