资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 1827-1836.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.09.16

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    

景区带村扶贫模式下农户参与旅游的经济效率——以秦巴山区旅游扶贫重点村为例

李瑛1(), 黄丹1, 朱莹2, 贺文华1, 黎洁3   

  1. 1. 西北大学 经济管理学院,西安 710127
    2. 四川大学 历史文化学院,成都 610065
    3. 西安交通大学 公共管理学院,西安 710054
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-02 修回日期:2020-08-17 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-11-25
  • 作者简介:李瑛,女,陕西西安人,副教授,主要研究方向为旅游经济影响。E-mail: liying@nwu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71573205)

Economic efficiency of farmer participation in tourism-led village poverty alleviation:A case study of key poverty-stricken villages in the Qinling-Daba Mountains

LI Ying1(), HUANG Dan1, ZHU Ying2, HE Wenhua1, LI Jie3   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
    2. College of History and Culture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
    3. School of Public Management, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710054, China
  • Received:2019-12-02 Revised:2020-08-17 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25

摘要:

旅游扶贫是带动中国贫困地区脱贫的有效途径,景区带村是一种重要的扶贫模式,景区带动周边农户参与旅游的经济效率高低直接影响到贫困地区脱贫的效果。本文以秦巴山区3A及以上景区周边的旅游扶贫重点村的农户为研究对象,运用DEA-Tobit模型,分析了景区带村扶贫模式下农户参与旅游的经济效率及影响因素。研究表明:①秦巴山区景区周边农户参与旅游的综合经济效率偏低,但高于农户农业生产效率,且98.3%的农户主要是受规模效率的制约;②农户旅游经营处于规模报酬递增阶段,增加旅游经营的要素投入是提高规模效率的主要途径;③农户家庭特征变量对旅游经济效率的影响最显著,其次为个人特征变量,社区特征变量影响不显著。据此,本文针对提高农户旅游经济效率给出具体建议:延伸“景区带村”的旅游产业链条,扩大投入规模达到最优要素组合;加大人力资本投入,提高技术管理水平;坚持农户分化为导向,推动专业化社区参与。

关键词: 景区带村, 旅游扶贫, 农户参与, DEA-Tobit模型, 经济效率, 秦巴山区

Abstract:

Tourism poverty alleviation is an effective way to get rid of poverty in poverty-stricken areas in rural China. As an important poverty alleviation model, The economic efficiency of scenic spots in driving surrounding farmers to participate in tourism directly affects the effect of poverty alleviation in poor areas. In this study, farmers in key poverty alleviation villages around 3A and above scenic spots in the Qinling-Daba Mountains were used as the research objects, and the data envelopment analysis (DEA)-Tobit model was used to analyze the economic efficiency and influencing factors of farming household participation in tourism under the model of tourism-led village poverty alleviation. The results show that the overall economic efficiency of farming household participation in tourism around the scenic spots is low, but it is higher than the agricultural production efficiency of farming households, and 98.3 percent of farming households is mainly restricted by scale efficiency; Farming households’ tourism management is in the stage of increasing returns to scale. Increasing the factor input of tourism operation is the main way to improve scale efficiency; the characteristic variables of farming households have the most significant impact on tourism economic efficiency, followed by the variables of individual characteristics, and the influence of community characteristics is not significant. Based on these results, this article makes specific suggestions for improving the tourism economic efficiency of farming households: (1) Extend the tourism industrial chain of “tourism-led village poverty alleviation”, and expand the scale of investment to achieve the optimal combination of factors; (2) Increase human capital investment and improve technical management level; (3) Farming households should be differentiated to promote specialized community participation.

Key words: tourism-led village, tourism poverty alleviation, farmer participation, DEA-Tobit model, economic efficiency, Qinling-Daba Mountains