资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 1801-1815.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.09.14

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国农业现代化发展的时空特征与区域非均衡性

安晓宁(), 辛岭()   

  1. 中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所,北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-14 修回日期:2020-04-06 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 辛岭
  • 作者简介:安晓宁,女,河南安阳人,硕士,研究方向为现代农业发展与评价。E-mail: 1208263936@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国农业科学院科技创新工程项目(ASTIP-IAED-2020-02);2020年中央级科研院所基本科研业务费专项(161005202002-4)

The spatiotemporal characteristics and regional non-equilibrium of agricultural modernization development in China

AN Xiaoning(), XIN Ling()   

  1. Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2019-11-14 Revised:2020-04-06 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25
  • Contact: XIN Ling

摘要:

中国农业现代化发展区域间不平衡对于中国全面实现农业现代化极为不利。因此,研究中国农业现代化发展的时空特征与区域非均衡性问题,对于中国农业现代化协调发展意义重大。本文从农业生产现代化、农业经营管理现代化、农业质量效益现代化、农村社会经济现代化、农业生态环境现代化5个维度构建农业现代化发展评价指标体系,运用变异系数法确定权重,对中国2004—2017年农业现代化发展水平进行测度与评价,分析中国农业现代化发展的时空特征与制约因素。研究表明:①2004—2017年,全国以及各地区农业现代化发展水平逐步提升,但是发展水平与提升速度差异明显。②各个子系统在不同阶段对不同区域农业现代化总体发展贡献率及带动作用差异显著,导致各地区农业现代化发展呈非均衡;③2004—2017年总体来看,各区域农业现代化发展的主要制约因素为:东部地区农业生产现代化子系统发展水平较低,中部地区农业生态环境现代化子系统发展水平较低,西部地区农业质量效益现代化子系统发展水平较低,东北地区农村社会经济现代化子系统发展水平较低。可以看出,从中国农业现代化发展的时空特征来看:2004—2017年,农业现代化发展水平逐步提升,但是农业现代化发展水平区域差异明显,导致各区域影响农业现代化发展的制约因素也各不相同。文章最后提出实现农业现代化均衡发展的政策建议。

关键词: 农业现代化, 时空特征, 区域非均衡性, 变异系数, 系统协调度指数, 相对发展率

Abstract:

The imbalanced development of China’s agricultural modernization among different regions is very disadvantageous to the comprehensive realization of China’s agricultural modernization. Therefore, it is of great significance for the coordinated development of China’s agricultural modernization to explore and study the spatiotemporal characteristics and regional imbalance of China’s agricultural modernization. In this paper, from the modernization of agricultural production, agricultural modernization management, quality of agricultural modernization, rural social economic modernization, the modernization of agriculture ecological environment five dimensions to build agricultural modernization evaluation index system, by using variation coefficient method, determining the weight to the level of agricultural modernization in China in 2004-2017 to measure and evaluation, analysis of the characteristics of space and time and the restricting factors of agricultural modernization in China. The research shows that: (1) From 2004 to 2017, the level of agricultural modernization in China and various regions has been gradually improved, but the difference between the level of development and the speed of improvement is obvious. (2) The contribution rate and driving effect of each subsystem on the overall development of agricultural modernization in different regions are significantly different at different stages, resulting in the unbalanced development of agricultural modernization in each region; (3) For the development of the regional agricultural modernization of the main factors in 2004-2017: the eastern region to the low level of modernization of agricultural production subsystem development, the central region the low level of development, modernization of agriculture ecological environment subsystem in the western region agricultural modernization quality benefit subsystem development level is low, the rural social economic modernization in northeast China subsystem development level is low. It can be seen from the temporal and spatial characteristics of China’s agricultural modernization development: from 2004 to 2017, the development level of agricultural modernization has been gradually improved, but there are obvious regional differences in the development level of agricultural modernization, leading to different regional constraints affecting the development of agricultural modernization. Finally, the paper puts forward some policy Suggestions to realize the balanced development of agricultural modernization.

Key words: agricultural modernization, spatiotemporal characteristics, regional non-equilibrium, coefficient of variation, system coordination index, relative development rate