资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 1728-1738.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.09.08

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

经济转型背景下城市工业用地利用效率——以长江经济带城市为例

张立新1,2(), 毕旭3, 黄志基4   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心,北京 100871
    3. 山西财经大学资源环境学院,太原 030006
    4. 中央财经大学政府管理学院,北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-25 修回日期:2020-09-25 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-11-25
  • 作者简介:张立新,女,山西怀仁人,博士后,主要研究方向为土地经济及土地资源利用与管理。E-mail: daxin897@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601126)

Urban industrial land use efficiency under the background of economic transformation in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

ZHANG Lixin1,2(), BI Xu3, HUANG Zhiji4   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Beijing 100871, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, Shanxi University of Finance & Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China
    4. School of Government, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2019-11-25 Revised:2020-09-25 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25

摘要:

中国工业用地长期存在着粗放、低效、无序利用的状态,探究经济转型背景下城市工业用地利用效率及其作用机制具有重要意义。本文通过构建随机前沿生产函数模型测度了2007—2016年长江经济带城市工业用地利用效率,利用空间统计模型分析其时空格局演变特征,并采用面板数据回归模型探究了经济转型背景下工业用地利用效率的主要影响因素。研究结果表明:①2007—2016年,长江经济带工业用地利用效率水平处于中等水平,表现出稳定上升的态势;②研究区工业用地利用效率区域差异显著,空间分布呈现东北高—西南低的集聚特征,工业用地利用效率热点区域存在显著的空间极化现象;③经济转型背景下,全球化通过外商投资的增加而促进了长江经济带工业用地利用效率的提升;土地市场化的提高也对工业用地利用效率产生积极的提升作用;分权化则对城市工业用地利用效率具有负向作用。基于此提出如下建议:长江经济带城市应当因地制宜,提高外商投资利用效率;进一步推进工业用地市场化改革;实施差别化的工业用地供应政策。

关键词: 经济转型, 工业用地利用效率, 时空演变, 影响因素, 长江经济带

Abstract:

In China’s industrial development, land elements have long been used in a disorderly, extensive, and inefficient manner. In the context of economic transformation, it is of great significance to explore the mechanism of globalization, marketization, and decentralization in the use efficiency of urban industrial land. In this study, urban industrial land use efficiency was measured by a stochastic frontier production function model for the Yangtze River Economic Belt from 2007 to 2016. Also, spatial statistical method was used to explore the spatial heterogeneity of urban industrial land use efficiency. This study analyzed the influence of economic globalization, marketization, and decentralization on the use efficiency of industrial land under the background of economic transformation. The results of the study show that: from 2007 to 2016, urban industrial land use efficiency in the Yangtze River Economic Belt was relatively low, but showed an upward trend. The spatial distribution of urban industrial land use efficiency in the region presented a agglomeration trend, with the high is in the northeast and the low in the southwest, showing obvious spatial non-equilibrium. Industrial land use efficiency hot spots showed a significant spatial polarization phenomenon. The regression results show that under the background of economic transformation, globalization has promoted the improvement of industrial land use efficiency in the Yangtze River Economic belt through the increase of foreign investment.Through the improvement of land marketization, it also has a positive effect on the industrial land use efficiency. Decentralization has a negative effect on the industrial land use efficiency. Based on this, the following suggestions are put forward: Cities along the Yangtze River Economic belt should adjust measures to local conditions and improve the utilization efficiency of foreign investment,promote the market-oriented reform of industrial land and implement differentiated policies for the supply of industrial land.

Key words: economic transformation, urban industrial land use efficiency, spatiotemporal pattern, influencing factors, Yangtze River Economic Belt