资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 1657-1667.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.09.02

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

农地确权对农地转出意愿的影响——基于确权制度可信度的调节效应分析

李虹韦1,3(), 钟涨宝2,3()   

  1. 1. 华中农业大学经济管理学院,武汉 430070
    2. 华中农业大学社会学系,武汉 430070
    3. 农村社会建设与管理研究中心,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-14 修回日期:2020-01-10 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 钟涨宝
  • 作者简介:李虹韦,女,山西大同人,博士生,研究方向为农村改革与区域发展。E-mail: 13554079720@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(16ASH007)

Impact of confirmation of land right on farmers’ willingness to transfer land: The moderating effect based on institutional credibility of land confirmation system

LI Hongwei1,3(), ZHONG Zhangbao2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    2. Department of Sociology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    3. Research Center of Rural Social Construction and Management, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2019-10-14 Revised:2020-01-10 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25
  • Contact: ZHONG Zhangbao

摘要:

农地确权是农地经营权有序流转的制度基础,而确权制度的可信度则决定了它能否有效发挥效果。本文构建了“农地确权—确权制度可信度—农地转出意愿”的分析框架,探讨了农地确权对农户土地转出意愿的影响以及确权制度可信度的调节作用。研究结果表明:①农地确权有利于明晰和稳定农地产权,对农户的土地转出意愿有显著的正向影响,同时确权效果的显现具有明显的滞后性,确权时间越长,农户转出土地的意愿越强烈;②确权制度可信度在农地确权时长对农地转出意愿的影响中具有显著的调节效应。确权制度可信度越高的地区,农地确权时长对农户土地转出意愿的有效影响越强,反之则越弱。因此,通过农地确权促进土地流转,必须充分考虑地方农户对确权制度可信度的集体认知。在确权制度可信度较高的地区,进一步加强确权制度与相关配套政策的有效衔接,加快培育和规范农地流转市场,巩固和强化农地确权效果;在确权制度可信度较低的地区,则要继续稳定农地承包关系,提高确权制度可信度,为确权制度发挥效果留有一定的缓冲空间。

关键词: 农地确权, 确权制度可信度, 农地转出意愿, 调节效应, 制度功能

Abstract:

The confirmation of agricultural land right is the institutional basis for the orderly transfer of farmland management rights, and institutional credibility of land confirmation system determines whether it can effectively work. This study constructed the analytical framework of confirmation of land right-institutional credibility of land confirmation system-farmers’willingness to transfer land, then examined the influence of the confirmation of land right on farmers’willingness to transfer land and the moderating effect of institutional credibility of land confirmation system. The results show that: First, confirmation of land right is conducive to clarifying and stabilizing farmland property rights, and the duration of confirmed land right has a significant positive impact on farmers’willingness to transfer land. At the same time, the effect of confirmation is lagging behind, the longer the time period of confirmed right, the stronger the willingness of farmers to transfer land. Second, institutional credibility has a significant moderating effect. The effective impact of the duration of confirmed agricultural land right on the willingness of farmers to transfer land is stronger in areas where the institutional credibility of land confirmation system is higher, and the weaker the converse. Therefore, we must fully consider the collective recognition of local farmers on the institutional credibility of land confirmation system. In areas with high institutional credibility, it is necessary to further strengthen the effective link between the land right confirmation system and related supporting policies, cultivate and standardize agricultural land transfer market, and consolidate and strengthen the effect of agricultural land right confirmation. In areas with low institutional credibility, we can continue to stabilize the contracting relationship of agricultural land, improve the credibility of the system, and leave a certain room for the development of the agricultural land right confirmation system.

Key words: confirmation of land right, institutional credibility of land confirmation system, willingness to transfer land, moderating effect, institutional function