资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 1643-1656.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.09.01

• 土地资源 •    下一篇

“三权分置”视域下产权完整性与安全性对农地流转的影响——基于农户产权认知视角

阿布都热合曼·阿布迪克然木1(), 石晓平1, 饶芳萍2, 周月鹏3, 马贤磊1()   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
    2. 南京财经大学公共管理学院,南京 210023
    3. 厦门大学公共事务学院,厦门 361000
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-28 修回日期:2020-09-12 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 马贤磊
  • 作者简介:阿布都热合曼·阿布迪克然木,男,新疆阿克苏人,博士生,研究方向为土地经济与政策。E-mail: abdrhm66@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金专项项目(18VSJ060)

Tenure integrity, security, and farmland transfer under the background of “three rights separation”: Based on farmers’ perception of land tenure

Abudureheman· Abudikeranmu1(), SHI Xiaoping1, RAO Fangping2, ZHOU Yuepeng3, MA Xianlei1()   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2. School of Public Administration, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. School of Public Affairs, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361000, China
  • Received:2019-11-28 Revised:2020-09-12 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25
  • Contact: MA Xianlei

摘要:

基于地权细分逻辑的农地产权制度改革目的在于提高权利束的完整性与安全性。本文立足于“三权分置”改革视域下的地权细分逻辑,利用辽宁省811户农户调研数据,从理论与实证两层面检验了农地产权完整性和安全性对农户参与农地流转市场的影响。结果表明:①产权完整性和安全性主要通过交易成本减少效应和增值保障效应影响农地流转决策;②从完整性角度看,农户对不同类型权利束完整性的认知对农地流转的影响呈现显著差异,表现为农地入股权认知显著激励农户转入和转出决策,农地抵押权认知激励农地转入决策,但是降低农地转出积极性,农地继承权认知激励转出农地,但降低农地转入积极性;③从安全性角度看,农地产权安全性认知激励农地转入和转出决策,表现为认为土地证书对于保护产权越重要的农户,其参与农地流转的积极性越高,而预期未来可能发生土地调整的农户参与农地流转的积极性越低。因此,为了促进农地流转市场发育,在加快推进“三权分置”制度改革中需要构建一种融合正式国家产权治理规则和非正式村庄治理的协同型产权治理体系:国家产权制度改革应该继续完善法律层面的分权机制和权利保障机制,村庄层面除了保障权利安全性外,更要完善农地流转合约的市场治理机制,畅通农地权利束与产权安全性在流转双方间的转移通道。

关键词: “三权分置”, 土地产权, 农地流转, 产权认知, 产权完整性, 产权安全性, Double-Hurdle模型, 辽宁

Abstract:

Subdivision of rights-based land tenure reform aims at improving the integrity and security of land right bundles. This study theoretically and empirically investigated the impacts of both integrity and security of farmland on renting activities under the “three rights separation” institutional background. Data used in the study were collected from a survey in Liaoning Province that covered 811 households. The results show that: (1) Major influencing effects of tenure integrity and security on households’ decision making of farmland transfer are the transaction cost reduction effect and the value enhancement guarantee effect. The strength of influence depends mainly on whether tenure integrity and security can be transferred from the leaser to the tenant. (2) Households’ perception of integrity of different land rights has significantly different impact on households’ decision making of farmland transfer. Specifically, households with higher level of perceived integrity are more likely to participate in land renting activities. Households with a higher level of perceived tenure integrity of mortgage right are more likely to rent in land but less likely to rent out land. In contrast, households with higher level of perceived integrity of inheritance right are more likely to rent out land but less likely to rent in land. (3) Households’ perception of tenure security of different land rights has significant positive impact on households’ decision making of farmland transfer. Specifically, households who perceive land certificate to be crucial in protecting land rights are more likely to participate in land renting activities. Households who perceive high possibilities of land adjustment in the future are less likely to engage in land renting activities. To construct a feasible synergistic property rights governance system that integrates formal state property rights governance rules and informal village governance is necessary in order to promote the development of farmland rental market within the “three rights separation” land tenure reform institutional framework. From the state’s perspective, the right division rationale of land tenure reform and construction of relevant right protection system at the legislation level should be continued. At the village level, it is crucial to take actions to guarantee the fulfillment of land rental related contracts in addition to constructing the right protection system, and to relax constraints on channels for the right bundles transfer from the leaser to the tenant.

Key words: “three rights separation”, land tenure, farmland transfer, perception of land tenure, tenure integrity, tenure security, Double-Hurdle model, Liaoning Province