资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1416-1427.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.07.17

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

生产要素投入对城市土地利用效率的影响——基于不同工业化阶段省级数据

张雯熹1(), 邹金浪2, 吴群1,3()   

  1. 1.南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
    2.江西财经大学生态文明研究院,南昌 330013
    3.南京农业大学不动产研究中心,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-18 修回日期:2020-06-07 出版日期:2020-07-25 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴群
  • 作者简介:张雯熹,女,甘肃兰州人,博士研究生,研究方向为土地经济与管理。E-mail: zhangwenxi1231@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71673140);国家自然科学基金项目(71804070);国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA076)

Effect of production factors on urban land use efficiency: Based on the provincial data of different development stages

ZHANG Wenxi1(), ZOU Jinlang2, WU Qun1,3()   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2. Istitute of Ecological Civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
    3. Realty Research Center, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2018-11-18 Revised:2020-06-07 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-09-25
  • Contact: WU Qun

摘要:

城市土地利用效率是影响城市化进程的重要因素,提升城市土地利用效率对于推动区域协调发展具有重要意义,但是如何差异化提升不同区域城市土地利用效率有待研究。本文首先基于生产要素理论,分析城市生产要素投入对城市土地利用效率的影响机理,其次利用1996—2017年中国30个省(市、区)的数据实证分析资本、劳动力与创新投入对土地利用效率的作用,并探讨不同工业化阶段的差异化影响。主要结论如下:①总样本的回归结果显示,资本投入、劳动力投入以及创新投入对城市土地利用效率产生显著的正向作用。②不同工业化阶段的异质性回归结果显示,在工业化初期阶段,资本与劳动力投入能够显著促进城市土地利用效率的提升;在工业化中期阶段,资本、劳动力与创新投入都能够对城市土地利用效率产生显著的正向影响;在工业化后期阶段,资本投入对城市土地利用效率的影响显著为负,而劳动力和创新投入对城市土地利用效率影响显著为正。研究表明,在不同工业化阶段,影响城市土地利用效率的因素及其作用强度和方向均有差异。因此,为更加集约利用土地,需制定差别化的政策,促进不同工业化阶段城市土地利用效率的提升。

关键词: 城市土地利用效率, 生产要素理论, 工业化阶段, 固定效应回归, 异质性影响, 中国

Abstract:

Urban land use efficiency is an important factor affecting the process of urbanization. Improving urban land use efficiency is of great significance for promoting coordinated regional development. However, how to differentially improve urban land use efficiency of different regions remains to be studied. Based on the theory of production factors, this study first analyzed the mechanism of the impact of urban production factor input on urban land use efficiency, and then used the data of 30 provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) in China from 1996 to 2017 to empirically analyze the effect of capital, labor, and innovation input on urban land use efficiency, to explore the effects of differentiation in various stages of industrialization. The results show that: (1) The regression results of all samples indicate that capital input, labor input, and innovation input have a significant positive effect on urban land use efficiency. (2) The heterogeneous regression results of different industrialization stages indicate that in the early stage of industrialization, capital and labor inputs can significantly promote the improvement of urban land use efficiency; in the middle stage of industrialization, capital, labor, and innovation inputs can all significantly improved urban land use efficiency; in the later stage of industrialization, the impact of capital input on urban land use efficiency is negative, while the impact of labor and innovation inputs on urban land use efficiency is significantly positive. Therefore, at different stages of industrialization, the factors that affect the efficiency of urban land use and their intensity and direction are different. It is necessary to formulate differentiated policies to promote the improvement of urban land use efficiency in different industrialization stages.

Key words: urban land use efficiency, theory of production factors, industrialization stages, fixed effect regression, differentiated impact, China