资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1395-1404.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.07.15

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村居民流域生态治理参与意愿的距离效应——以石羊河流域为例

徐涛1(), 倪琪2, 乔丹1, 姚柳杨3, 赵敏娟2()   

  1. 1.海南大学管理学院,海口 570228
    2.西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌 712100
    3.陕西师范大学国际商学院,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-25 修回日期:2020-01-16 出版日期:2020-07-25 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 赵敏娟
  • 作者简介:徐涛,男,河南周口人,讲师,研究方向为资源经济与环境管理。E-mail: xutao_2013@outlook.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA052);海南省哲学社会科学基金青年项目(HNSKQN19-23);海南大学人文社科科研创新团队资助项目(HDSKTD202007)

Distance effect on the willingness of rural residents to participate in watershed ecological restoration: Evidence from the Shiyang River Basin

XU Tao1(), Ni Qi2, Qiao Dan1, YAO Liuyang3, ZHAO Minjuan2()   

  1. 1. Management School, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
    2. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    3. School of International Business, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
  • Received:2019-10-25 Revised:2020-01-16 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-09-25
  • Contact: ZHAO Minjuan

摘要:

明确农村居民流域生态治理参与意愿的距离效应,是提升生态治理效益评估精度及充分理解公众诉求的重要前提。本文基于石羊河流域390户农村居民实地调研数据,借助选择实验法获取流域居民生态治理参与意愿,运用MNL模型分析了距离对不同流域区段农村居民生态治理参与意愿的影响。结果表明:与以往研究得出的“距离衰减”规律不同,石羊河流域中游农村居民生态治理参与意愿随着距河流和水库距离的增加而增强,以及下游农村居民生态治理参与意愿随着距水库距离的增加而增强,呈现出“距离强化”规律。据此建议:①将距离效应纳入到生态治理效益核算的方法体系,以提高核算精度;②生态治理政策设计应更多地考虑公众诉求的差异性,以获取公众支持;③生态治理方面的宣传教育工作可结合距离效应进一步细分宣传对象。研究旨在为内陆河流域生态治理的相关政策制定提供更具针对性的依据。

关键词: 农村居民, 流域生态治理, 参与意愿, 选择实验法, 距离效应, 石羊河流域

Abstract:

Defining the distance effect of rural residents’ willingness to participate in watershed ecological restoration is an important prerequisite for improving the accuracy of restoration benefits evaluation and fully understanding public demands. Taking 390 rural residents in the Shiyang River Basin as the research object and obtaining the ecological restoration willingness by means of the choice experiment method, the distance effect in different reaches of the river basin were tested by group estimation and by including the distance variables in the multinomial logit (MNL) model, respectively. The results show that: (1) The key areas of ecological restoration that are of concern to rural residents in different sections of the river basin differ, showing significant regional effects; (2) Different from the “distance decay” pattern found in previous studies, the willingness to participate in ecological restoration of the rural residents in the middle reaches of the Shiyang River Basin increased with the distance from the river bank and the reservoir, and the willingness to participate in ecological restoration of the downstream rural residents increased with the distance from the reservoir, showing the pattern of “distance increase.” Accordingly, we recommend that: (1) Incorporate the distance effect into the methodological system of benefits evaluation of ecological restoration projects to improve the accuracy of evaluation ; (2) The design of ecological restoration policies should give more consideration to public opinions and obtain public support; (3) The objects of ecological publicity and education can be further subdivided based on the distance effect. The purpose of this study is to provide a more targeted basis for the formulation of relevant policies on ecological restoration of inland river basins.

Key words: rural residents, watershed ecological restoration, willingness to participate, choice experiments(CE), distance effect, Shiyang River Basin