资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1384-1394.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.07.14

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城乡协调发展与农村贫困治理的耦合关系

张博胜1(), 杨子生2,3()   

  1. 1.云南财经大学经济学院,昆明 650221
    2.云南财经大学国土资源与持续发展研究所,昆明 650221
    3.云南财经大学精准扶贫与发展研究院,昆明 650221
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-30 修回日期:2020-05-07 出版日期:2020-07-25 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨子生
  • 作者简介:张博胜,男,云南大理人,工程师,博士生,主要从事山区开发与精准扶贫、区域经济与土地利用等研究。E-mail: 251808315@qq.com

Coupling relationship between urban-rural coordinated development and rural poverty governance

ZHANG Bosheng1(), YANG Zisheng2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
    2. Institute of Land & Resources and Sustainable Development, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
    3. Institute of Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Development, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
  • Received:2019-12-30 Revised:2020-05-07 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-09-25
  • Contact: YANG Zisheng

摘要:

本文在理论分析城乡协调发展与农村贫困治理耦合逻辑的基础上,运用全国时序数据和省级截面数据,实证分析了中国城乡协调发展与农村贫困治理耦合的时空变化特征,结果表明:①2000—2017年中国27个省份城乡协调发展与农村贫困治理耦合协调度在0.4928~0.6111之间,目前已进入磨合阶段,并呈现缓慢递增趋势,已经向着良性互动方向发展。②从空间分布上看,2010、2013、2017年3个时段27个省份的耦合协调度均呈现东部→东北部→中部→西部依次递减的趋势,研究期内各省份耦合协调度值均有所上升,但地区之间增长幅度有所差异,越往西部,年度增加幅度越明显。③根据城乡发展协调度与农村贫困治理水平耦合协调度变化情况,将中国27个省份划分为4个级别:高幅增长、中高幅增长、中幅增长和低幅增长。不同级别区域应在城乡融合发展目标指导下,根据各地区耦合特征,结合自身资源禀赋条件因地施策,围绕城乡空间融合、产业发展融合、社会公共服务保障融合及文化融合等,全面实现城乡融合发展。

关键词: 城乡协调发展, 农村贫困治理, 城乡融合, 耦合, 中国

Abstract:

On the basis of theoretical analysis, this study empirically analyzed the spatial-temporal characteristics of the coupling relationship of urban-rural coordinated development and rural poverty governance in China by using national time series data and provincial cross-sectional data. The results show that: (1) From 2000 to 2017, the coupling coordination degree of urban-rural coordinated development and rural poverty governance was between 0.4928-0.6111, which has entered a relatively mature stage, has shown a slow increasing trend, and has been developing in the direction of benign interaction. (2) Spatially, the coupling coordination degree of 27 provinces in 2010, 2013, and 2017 showed a decreasing trend from east to northeast, central China, and west. During the study period, the coupling coordination degree of each province increased, but the increase was different among the regions. (3) According to the change of coupling coordination degree of urban-rural coordinated development and rural poverty governance from 2010 to 2017, 27 provinces in China can be divided into four grades: high growth, high- medium growth, medium growth, and low growth. Under the guidance of the goal of urban-rural integrated development, according to the coupling characteristics of each region, and combining with their own resources endowment conditions, regions of different coupling types should be adapted to local conditions, strive to achieve an all-round integrated development of urban and rural areas, focusing on the integration of urban and rural space, industrial development, social and public services, and cultural integration.

Key words: urban-rural coordinated development, rural poverty governance, urban-rural integration, coupling, China