资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1298-1310.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.07.07

• 专栏:村镇建设与资源环境协调 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村生态创新技术地方植入的障碍与路径——以陈庄自然农法技术为例

耿佩1,2(), 陈雯1,3(), 杨槿4, 杨柳青1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京 210008
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    4.南京工业大学建筑学院,南京211816
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-30 修回日期:2020-06-01 出版日期:2020-07-25 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈雯
  • 作者简介:耿佩,女,河北宁晋人,硕士研究生,研究方向为城乡发展与区域规划。E-mail: pp19940611@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    江苏特色田园乡村绿色发展及生态宜居关键技术研发与科技示范项目(BE2019773);中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所“一三五”重点培育方向自主部署项目(NIGLAS2017GH06)

Obstacles and paths for local implantation of rural ecological innovation technologies: A case of implementing natural agricultural technology in Chenzhuang Village

GENG Pei1,2(), CHEN Wen1,3(), YANG Jin4, YANG Liuqing1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. School of Architecture, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 211816, China
  • Received:2020-01-30 Revised:2020-06-01 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-09-25
  • Contact: CHEN Wen

摘要:

乡村生态创新技术植入对于推进中国乡村可持续发展,实现乡村振兴具有重要作用。本文通过借鉴创新生态系统理论,以江苏省句容市陈庄村自然农法技术植入为研究案例,结合创新主体与创新要素的互动关系,构建乡村生态创新技术地方植入的分析框架,并从技术需求方、技术供给方以及制度环境3个方面分析了乡村生态创新技术地方植入的一般性障碍与路径。研究通过追踪在案例地开展的近5年的乡村转型发展与运营试验,并结合参与式观察、农户访谈、问卷调查等方式,收集掌握大量案例地生态创新数据资料,得出结果如下:①技术需求方即农户社会信任水平低与知识技能缺乏,技术供给方生态创新技术有效供给不足与技术本地适应性较差,以及缺乏相适应的制度环境及尚未健全的生态产品市场体系,上述三者相互影响,共同构成了自然农法技术地方植入的障碍闭环;②破除生态创新技术地方植入障碍,采取的有效路径为社区参与和信任构建、加强技术专家与农户的合作学习以及建立城乡关系市场,并依托市场效益驱动技术扎根;③“地方”在乡村生态创新的发展过程中扮演重要角色,如地方资源禀赋、村民自身情况以及城乡区位关系等因素在乡村生态创新技术植入不同阶段发挥着重要作用。

关键词: 乡村可持续发展, 生态创新技术, 自然农法, 地方植入, 障碍与路径, 江苏句容市陈庄

Abstract:

The implantation of rural ecological innovation technology plays an important role in promoting the sustainable development of rural areas in China and realizing rural revitalization. This article drew on the innovation system theory, took Chenzhuang natural agricultural technology implantation in Jurong City, Jiangsu Province as a case, and combined the interactive relationship between innovation subjects and innovation elements to build an analytical framework for the local implantation of rural ecological innovation technology. The general obstacles and paths of the local implantation of rural ecological innovation technology were analyzed in three aspects: stakeholders, technology supplier, and institutional environment. We collected and analyzed a large number of ecological innovation data in the case area by tracking the rural transformation development and operation experiments carried out in the area in the recent five years, combined with participatory observation, interview of farming households, and questionnaire survey. The study concludes that: (1) On the demand side, that is, the farming households, low level of social trust and the lack of knowledge and skills prevailed. On the supply side, the lack of effective supply of ecological innovation technology and poor local adaptability of technologies were clear. A suitable institutional environment and a healthy ecological product market system were also absent. These three factors were mutually reinforcing, and together constitute a closed loop of obstacles to local implantation of natural agricultural technologies; (2) To break the barriers to local implantation of ecological innovation technologies, effective approaches include community participation and trust building, strengthening cooperation between technical experts and farmers, and establishing an urban-rural relationship market and driving technology implantation by market benefits; (3) “Local” plays an important role in the development process of rural ecological innovation. For example, local resource endowments, rural residents’ own situation, and urban-rural locational relationship all play important roles in different stages of rural ecological innovation technology implantation.

Key words: sustainable rural development, ecological innovation technology, natural farming method, local implantation, obstacles and paths, Chenzhuang Village,Jurong City,Jiangsu Province