资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 1099-1109.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.06.08

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于ETFP的黄河流域工业高质量发展水平时空分异研究

巨虹1,3(), 李同昇1,2(), 翟洲燕4   

  1. 1.西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
    2.西北大学陕西省情研究院,西安 710127
    3.山东建筑大学,济南 250101
    4.河南师范大学旅游学院,新乡 453007
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-20 修回日期:2020-05-31 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 李同昇
  • 作者简介:巨虹,女,陕西西安人,博士研究生,研究方向为经济地理学与区域发展。E-mail: 12398@sdjzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    “人文地理与城乡规划”国家一流专业建设点项目(070503);西北大学陕西省情研究院2020年度重点课题

Spatial-temporal differentiation of high-quality industrial development level in the Yellow River Basin based on ecological total factor productivity

JU Hong1,3(), LI Tongsheng1,2(), ZHAI Zhouyan4   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environment, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
    2. Shaanxi Institute of Provincial Resource, Environment and Development, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
    3. Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, China
    4. College of Tourism, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China
  • Received:2020-02-20 Revised:2020-05-31 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-08-25
  • Contact: LI Tongsheng

摘要:

工业高质量发展是黄河流域生态保护与高质量发展战略的重要组成部分。为研究近10年黄河流域工业高质量发展水平的时空分异,本文采用ETFP(生态全要素生产率)作为衡量标准,通过超效率DEA及Malmquist指数模型,测算并分析2006—2016年黄河流域主要地市及城市群的工业发展水平,研究发现:①黄河流域工业发展质量水平参差不齐,总体表现为东部>西部>中部,尤其是山东半岛城市群远高于其他区域;②各地市工业ETFP的近邻效应显著,呈现出聚集分布的特征;③研究期内黄河流域的工业ETFP以年均7.5%的速度递增,分区域来看西部的增长速度较快,后发优势充分体现,东部和中部增速则较缓慢。尤其是,中部地区始终处于较低的发展水平,急需调整产业发展策略,提高技术效率,才能整体推进黄河流域工业的高质量发展。

关键词: 工业高质量发展, 生态全要素生产率(ETFP), 超效率DEA, Malmquist指数, 黄河流域

Abstract:

High-quality industrial development is an important part of the strategy of ecological protection and high quality development in the Yellow River Basin. In order to study the spatial differentiation of high-quality industrial development in the Yellow River Basin in the past decade, this paper uses EFTP (ecological total factor productivity) as the measurement standard, measures and analyzes the industrial development level of the main cities and urban agglomerations in the Yellow River Basin from 2006 to 2016 through super efficiency DEA and Malmquist index model, and finds that: the industrial development quality level of the Yellow River Basin is uneven, with the overall performance of East > West > Middle, In particular, the productivity of Shandong Peninsula urban agglomeration is much higher than other regions. The neighbor effect of industrial EFTP in different cities is significant, showing the characteristics of aggregation distribution. During the study period, the industrial EFTP in the Yellow River Basin increased at an average annual rate of 7.5%, the growth rate in the western region was faster, the late development advantage was fully reflected, and the growth in the eastern and central regions was slower. The central region has always been at a low level of development. It is urgent to adjust industrial development strategies and improve technical efficiency in order to promote the overall high-quality development of industry in the Yellow River Basin.

Key words: high-quality industrial development, ecological total factor productivity (ETFP), super efficiency DEA, Malmquist index, Yellow River Basin