资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 1074-1086.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.06.06

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然保护区对周边农户多维贫困的影响——基于社会资本的中介效应分析

段伟(), 欧阳波()   

  1. 华南农业大学经济管理学院,广州 510642
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-27 修回日期:2020-05-29 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 欧阳波
  • 作者简介:段伟,男,山西大同人,副教授,硕士生导师,从事保护区管理、林业经济等研究。E-mail: bluewei0099@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金国际合作项目(71761147003);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(17YJC790029);广东省自然科学基金项目(2017A030310077)

Impacts of protected areas on multidimensional poverty of surrounding rural households:Analysis of the intermediary effect based on social capital

DUAN Wei(), OUYANG Bo()   

  1. College of Economics and Management, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
  • Received:2019-08-27 Revised:2020-05-29 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-08-25
  • Contact: OUYANG Bo

摘要:

准确评估保护区和周边社区贫困农户的关系对实现生物多样性保护和当地社区协调发展具有重要意义,然而鲜有文献从社会资本的视角分析保护区建立对农户多维贫困影响的作用机制。本文选取四川省、陕西省14个自然保护区周边787户农户为研究对象。通过构建“自然保护区—社会资本—多维贫困”的理论分析框架,采用中介效应模型分析自然保护区对周边农户多维贫困的影响。研究结果表明:①保护区内的农户比保护区外的农户更容易陷入多维贫困;②保护区的建立在一定程度上会削弱社会资本,从而导致农户多维贫困;③不同等级(国家级、省级)、不同省份及是否开展生态旅游的保护区之间社会资本的中介作用存在显著差异,其中其中省级保护区、陕西省保护区和开展生态旅游的保护区社会资本中介效应更明显。因此,保护区的管理应注重培育农户的社会网络,增强农户的社会信任,调动农户的社会参与,从而提高当地农户的社会资本质量,进而提高其生计水平。

关键词: 自然保护区, 社会资本, 多维贫困, 中介效应, 生态旅游, Sobel检验, Bootstrap检验

Abstract:

Evaluating the relationship between protected areas (PAs) and poor households of the surrounding communities accurately is crucial for realizing the dual objectives of biodiversity conservation and coordinated development of local communities. However, limited literature has analyzed the mechanism of the impact of PAs on household multidimensional poverty from the perspective of social capital. This study investigated 787 households around 14 PAs in Sichuan and Shaanxi Provinces, constructed an analytical framework of Protected Areas-Social Capital-Multidimensional Poverty, and analyzed the impact of PAs on multidimensional poverty of surrounding rural households based on an intermediary effect model. The results show that: (1) Households inside the PAs are more likely to fall into multidimensional poverty than those outside the PAs; (2) The establishment of protected areas impairs social capital to some extent, further leading to multidimensional poverty of rural households; (3) The intermediary effect of social capital shows significant differences at different administrative levels (national and provincial), between different provinces, and between PAs with and without ecotourism. Specifically, in PAs at the provincial level, PAs of Shannxi Province, and PAs having ecotourism, social capital has larger intermediary effects. Therefore, PA management should extend rural household social networks, enhance their social trust, and mobilize their social participation to improve the quality of rural household social capital and further develop their livelihoods.

Key words: protected areas, social capital, multidimensional poverty, intermediary effect, ecotourism, sobel test, bootstrap test