资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 1015-1026.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.06.01

• 碳排放 •    下一篇

气候资金对受援国碳排放的影响

佘群芝(), 吴肖丽(), 潘安   

  1. 中南财经政法大学经济学院,武汉 430073
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-19 修回日期:2020-05-11 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴肖丽
  • 作者简介:佘群芝,女,湖北潜江人,教授,研究方向为国际气候援助的碳减排效应评估。E-mail: qzshe@zuel.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71974078);国家社会科学基金一般项目(16BJL083);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(18YJC790121)

Effects of climate finance on carbon emissions in recipient countries

SHE Qunzhi(), WU Xiaoli(), PAN An   

  1. School of Economics, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
  • Received:2019-12-19 Revised:2020-05-11 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-08-25
  • Contact: WU Xiaoli

摘要:

在越来越多国家积极倡导和投入全球气候治理行动的背景下,准确考察气候资金对受援国碳排放的影响,对推动发达国家持续援助、布局2020年后的气候行动以及构建人类命运共同体等都具有重要的指导意义。文章基于AidData、OECD-DAC CRS和WDI数据库得到了1980—2014年77个受援国的国家面板数据,通过构建静态及动态面板模型、“调节效应”模型和面板门槛模型,考察了气候资金对受援国碳排放的影响,并检验了收入水平在两者之间的调节作用。研究发现:①从总体上来看,气候资金对受援国碳排放产生了显著的减排效应,同时受援国收入水平对气候资金的碳排放效应产生了显著的“调节效应”;②随受援国收入水平提升,气候资金的碳排放效应呈现出了“由显著减排转不显著增排”的非线性特征,其中实现减排的受援国主要为非洲国家;③评估气候资金最终能否实现碳减排,需综合考虑气候资金与受援国生产及投资等方面的相互作用结果。基于以上研究,本文在积极敦促发达国家履行相关气候资金承诺、推动受援国低碳经济增长以及中国利用双重身份参与全球气候治理等方面得到政策启示。

关键词: 气候资金, 碳排放, 收入水平, 调节效应, 门槛效应, 全球气候治理, 受援国

Abstract:

In the context of increasingly more countries actively advocating and investing in global climate governance actions, accurately examining the carbon emission effect of climate finance is of great significance for promoting sustained assistance from developed countries, laying out the post-2020 climate action, and building a community with a shared future for mankind. Based on the AidData, OECD-DAC CRS, and WDI database, this study obtained a national panel dataset of 77 recipient countries from 1980 to 2014. By constructing static and dynamic panel models, a moderating effect model, and a panel threshold model, this study investigated the impact of global climate finance on carbon emissions of recipient countries, and tested the moderating effect of income level between the above two. The results show that: (1) In general, climate finance had a significant negative impact on recipient countries’ carbon emissions, and the income level of recipient countries had a significant moderating effect on the carbon emission effect of climate finance. (2) With the increase of recipient countries’ income level, the carbon emission effect of climate finance shows a nonlinear characteristic of “from significant carbon reduction to insignificant carbon increase effect”. The recipient countries that achieved carbon reduction were mainly a few African countries. (3) To evaluate whether climate finance can achieve carbon reduction effect, the interaction between climate finance and recipient countries’ production and investment needs to be taken into account. Based on the above results, this study provided policy implications in terms of actively urging the implementation of relevant climate finance commitments, promoting low-carbon economic growth in recipient countries, and fully engaging in global climate governance through China’s dual identity.

Key words: climate finance, carbon emissions, income level, moderating effect, threshold effect, global climate governance, recipient countries