资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 956-968.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.05.13

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

近10年来国外乡村旅游研究特征及对中国的启示——基于Elsevier ScienceDirect收录文献的分析

安传艳1, 翟洲燕1, 李同昇2()   

  1. 1.河南师范大学旅游学院,新乡 453007;
    2.西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-30 修回日期:2020-02-05 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 李同昇
  • 作者简介:安传艳,女,河南鹿邑人,副教授,博士研究生,研究方向为旅游地理学。E-mail: 99077495@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801171);国家自然科学基金项目(41771129)

International research on rural tourism in recent 10 years and its implication for China

AN Chuanyan1, ZHAI Zhouyan1, LI Tongsheng2()   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
  • Received:2019-10-30 Revised:2020-02-05 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25
  • Contact: Tongsheng LI

摘要:

大规模乡村旅游的发展波及到后现代社会的诸多领域,已成为过去30年国际旅游学界研究的热点。本文搜集了Elsevier ScienceDirect数据库中2010年以来国外乡村旅游研究的相关期刊文献,通过分析得出:①经济价值取向下的乡村旅游发展是各国学者研究的热点。②乡村旅游者出游动机多样,体验方式及内容不同,对服务、产品的满意度是影响其忠诚度的重要因素。③乡村小企业发展具有局限性,创新和合作非常重要。④乡村居民对旅游业发展的态度不一,社区参与是保障乡村旅游发展、社会公平的关键因素,且该领域研究更多在于“如何参与”的问题。⑤政府干预存在国家宏观调控和地方实践效应的差异,其研究往往与其他领域研究相融合。⑥乡村旅游的影响研究呈现批判性特征,旅游的“正向”经济影响在社区层面的实证研究中受到质疑,目的地的文化变迁并不能简单地归结为“负面”“被动”的问题等。总之,国外学者多把乡村旅游视为“现代”经济行为,乡村旅游地作为资本、权力的实践场域也出现了一系列问题。鉴于此,中国学者应根据社会需求拓展乡村旅游研究领域、反思价值伦理问题,重构本土理论等,为中国乡村旅游发展提供依据。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 政府干预, 社区参与, 价值重构, 民俗旅游, 农业旅游

Abstract:

The development of large-scale rural tourism has affected many areas of post-modern society, which has become a hot topic in the international research of tourism in the past 30 years. In this study, the literature on rural tourism was collected from the Elsevier ScienceDirect database since 2010 and analyzed. The conclusions are that: (1) The development of rural tourism under the economic value orientation is a hot topic for scholars in various countries. Based on the modern economic and industrial attributes of rural tourism, scholars have explored its development modes and paths, and studied the development conditions, resource utilization, product creation, market expansion, and influencing factors of rural tourism. In addition, scholars have examined the definition, measurement, and implementation of sustainable rural tourism development. (2) The motivation of rural tourists is diverse, the way and content of their experiences are different, and consumer satisfaction with services and products is an important factor affecting their loyalty. (3) Scholars have paid more attention to the development of rural enterprises and studied the application of information technology in rural tourism enterprises. Small business development faces various limitations, and innovation and cooperation are very important. (4) Residents have different attitudes towards the development of tourism. Community participation is the key factor to ensure the social equity of rural tourism development. The research in this field is often about facilitating participation. (5) Government intervention shows different effects from national macro-level control and local practices, and its research is often integrated with other fields. (6) Study on the impact of rural tourism presents critical thinking. In the empirical study of communities, the positive economic impact of tourism is questioned. Cultural change of destinations cannot be simply characterized as “negative” or “passive.” The social influence includes change in the thoughts of the residents, identity construction, and evolution of community relations, race, nationality, and national identity, among others. Overall, most international scholars regard rural tourism as an economic behavior. Tourism, as the carrier of modernization, has exerted a comprehensive and far-reaching influence on traditional villages. As a practice field of capital, rural tourism destination has produced a series of negative effects. It is necessary to reflect on relevant ethical issues in tourism development and theoretical construction. In view of these, Chinese scholars should reflect on the localization and reconstruction of the theories according to social needs, so as to provide a scientific basis for the development of rural tourism in China.

Key words: rural tourism, government intervention, community participation, value reconstruction, folk culture tourism, agritourism