资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 894-906.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.05.08

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

“显性市民化”与“隐性市民化”对农民土地转出行为的影响

辛毅1, 宫伟文2, 赵雅斐1   

  1. 1.中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院,北京 100872;
    2.中国(深圳)综合开发研究院北京事业部,北京 100038
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-16 修回日期:2020-01-07 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 作者简介:辛毅,男,新疆伊宁县人,副教授,管理学博士,研究方向为农林经济管理理论与政策。E-mail:xinyiruc@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学基金规划项目(18YJA790089)

Influence of “explicit citizenship” and “implicit citizenship” on farmers’ land transfer behavior

XIN Yi1, GONG Weiwen2, ZHAO Yafei1   

  1. 1. School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
    2. Beijing Branch of China Development Institute, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2019-08-16 Revised:2020-01-07 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25

摘要:

近年来农地流转增速呈现持续下降趋势,同时中国农民群体离开村庄形成的城乡间流动人口规模达到历史新高,这种“离乡不离土”的不完全市民化进程对土地流转的发展形成阻碍。本文以探讨农民市民化的不同状态对农民土地转出行为的影响机制和影响程度为研究目的,采用理论逻辑分析和计量模型实证分析相结合的研究方法,提出以“显性市民化”和“隐性市民化”的理论概念反映当前中国农民市民化进程的渐进性特征,认为显性市民化和隐性市民化状态的结构性差异对农民土地流转行为产生较为复杂的影响。研究结论主要有:①农民市民化进程对农民土地转出行为有正向影响;②土地流转进程是一个与农村常住居民老龄化相伴随的长期渐进过程;③提高城镇养老保障待遇、提高土地流转租金和提高农民人力资本水平等有利于促进农民转出土地。本文研究对于探索农民市民化对农村土地流转的影响研究以及相关政策制定有一定的积极意义。

关键词: 土地流转, 农民市民化, 显性市民化, 隐性市民化, 土地租金, Logistics回归模型, CHIPS2013

Abstract:

In recent years, the growth rate of rural land transfer in China has shown a continuous downward trend. At the same time, the scale of urban-rural floating population formed by migrants has reached a new high in history. This process of incomplete citizenization of “leave the countryside without leaving behind the land” has hindered the development of land transfer. To examine the influencing mechanism and degree of different states of farmers’ citizenization on their land transfer behavior, this study used a combination of theoretical analysis and empirical econometric modeling. The theoretical concepts of “explicit citizenization” and “implicit citizenization” were proposed to reflect the gradual characteristics of the current farmers’ citizenization process in China, and the structural differences between these two types of citizenization have complex effects on farmers’ land transfer behavior. The conclusions of our study are: (1) The process of farmers’ citizenization has a positive impact on their land transfer behavior. (2) The process of land transfer is a long-term gradual process accompanied by the aging of rural permanent residents. (3) The improvement of urban pension security, land transfer rents, and improvement of farmers’ human capital levels are conducive to promoting farmers’ transfer of land. The results of this study explore the impact of farmers’ citizenization on rural land transfer and related policies.

Key words: land transfer, farmers’ citizenization, explicit citizenization, implicit citizenization, land rent, Logistics regression model, CHIPS2013