资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 812-824.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.05.02

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

政府主导型生态补偿的多中心治理——基于农户社会网络的视角

陈海江1, 司伟2(), 刘泽琦2, 李朝柱3, 张燕燕4   

  1. 1.绍兴文理学院商学院,绍兴 312000;
    2.中国农业大学经济与管理学院,北京 100083;
    3.浙江农林大学暨阳学院,绍兴 311800;
    4.上海财经大学公共经济与管理学院,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-20 修回日期:2020-03-29 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 司伟
  • 作者简介:陈海江,男,浙江绍兴人,博士,研究方向为农业经济理论与政策。E-mail:chenhaijiangcau@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    农业农村部软科学项目(RRX2019019A);国家大豆产业技术体系专项(CRAS-04-07B);浙江省社科规划项目(20NDQN324YB)

Polycentric governance of government-led ecological compensation: Based on the perspective of farmers’ social network

Haijiang CHEN1, Wei SI2(), Zeqi LIU2, Chaozhu LI3, Yanyan ZHANG4   

  1. 1. Business College, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing 312000, China;
    2. College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China;
    3. Jiyang College of Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Shaoxing 311800, China;
    4. College of Public Economics and Management, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-08-20 Revised:2020-03-29 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25
  • Contact: Wei SI

摘要:

政府主导型生态补偿由于补偿资金来源单一,因此项目提供的生态服务通常和政策周期同步,持续性较差。本文以改善该类生态补偿项目生态服务的持续性为目标,以粮豆轮作补贴这一政府主导型生态补偿为例,基于多中心治理理论和二元Probit模型、双变量Probit模型研究了社会网络对农户粮豆轮作决策的影响,探索实现政府主导型生态补偿项目多中心治理的路径。研究结果显示:①亲缘社会网络显著促进农户进行粮豆轮作,而友缘社会网络对农户粮豆轮作决策的影响不显著;②亲缘社会网络有助于农户将粮豆轮作意愿转化为具体行为。结合以上两点推断:亲缘社会网络可以成为政府补偿之外的激励机制,促进农户进行粮豆轮作。本文的研究结论支持政府主导型生态补偿项目采取政府补偿+自主治理(社会网络)这一多中心治理模式。这对于提高长江流域和黄淮海地区正在实施的轮作补贴项目生态服务的持续性具有一定的政策启示,同时对此后出台的政府主导型生态补偿政策亦具有一定的借鉴意义。

关键词: 社会网络, 多中心治理, 生态补偿, 政府主导, 粮豆轮作, 可持续性

Abstract:

Government-led ecological compensation has a single source of funding, therefore, the ecological services provided by the projects are usually synchronized with the policy cycle, and has poor sustainability. This paper aims to improve the sustainability of ecological services in such ecological compensation projects, and takes grain-bean rotation subsidy, a government-led ecological compensation, as an example.Based on the polycentric governance theory, Dual Probit model and Bivariate Probit model, this paper studied the influence of social network on farmers' crop rotation decision, and explored the path to realize polycentric governance of government-led ecological compensation project. The results show that: (1) Kin social network significantly promoted the adoption of grain-bean rotation technology by the farmers, while friend social network had no significant influence on the adoption of grain-bean rotation technology by the farmers. (2) The kin social network can help farmers to transform their willingness to practice grain-bean rotation into specific behaviors. Based on the above two points, it can be concluded that kin social network can be another mechanism besides government compensation to promote grain-bean rotation among farmers. The research result supports that government-led ecological compensation projects can adopt the polycentric governance model of government compensation + autonomous governance (social network). This has certain policy implications for improving the sustainability of the ecological services of the current grain-bean rotation subsidy projects in the Yangtze River Basin and the Huang-Huai-Hai Region, as well as certain reference significance for other government-led ecological compensation projects in the future.

Key words: social network, polycentric governance, ecological compensation, government-led, grain-bean rotation, sustainability