资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 801-811.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.05.01

• 资源经济 •    下一篇

城镇居民对环境治理的边际支付意愿

曹和平, 奚剑明(), 陈玥卓   

  1. 北京大学经济学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-06 修回日期:2020-01-08 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 奚剑明
  • 作者简介:曹和平,男,陕西渭南人,教授,研究方向为发展金融理论、环境与资源经济学。E-mail:cheping@pku.edu.cn

Urban residents’ marginal willingness to pay for environmental pollution control

CAO Heping, XI Jianming(), CHEN Yuezhuo   

  1. School of Economics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2019-09-06 Revised:2020-01-08 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25
  • Contact: Jianming XI

摘要:

城镇居民对环境治理的边际支付意愿是社会环境偏好最为直接的度量参数,也是环境制度改革和细则政策出台的基础依据。本文使用1994—2015年中国省级面板数据,选择居民环境偏好的指标度量,对影响中国城镇居民环境偏好指标的主要因素分析发现,居民收入水平、环境污染程度、地区城镇化水平以及居民受教育水平等因素与城镇居民对环境的偏好程度存在相关关系,可作为居民优质环境支付意愿的度量基础。根据测算,若年均减少1 t工业废气排放,中国居民边际环境改进的支付意愿为0.21元。与发达国家相比,中国仍处在较低的环境支付意愿水平上。本文创新性地引入环境偏好概念,使用中国各省居民对环境的信访数据作为衡量消费者对环境偏好程度的代理变量,通过测算城镇居民对环境治理的边际支付意愿,为政府进行环境污染治理问题的决策提供了可量化的政策依据。

关键词: 环境偏好, 环境政策, 边际支付意愿, 替代效应, 环境信访, 环境污染

Abstract:

Residents’ marginal willingness to pay for the environment is the most direct measurement of social-environmental preference, and is the basis of environmental system reform and detailed policies. Based on the panel data of 31 provinces in China’s mainland from 1993 to 2015, this study selected the indicators for measuring residents’ environmental preference and analyzed the main factors affecting the environmental preference of urban residents in China. It is found that factors such as residents’ income level, environmental pollution level, regional urbanization level, and residents’ education level are related to the environmental preference of urban residents, which can be used as the indicators of residents’ willingness-to-pay for the high-quality environment. According to the results, if the annual average emission of industrial waste gas is reduced by 1 ton, the marginal willingness-to-pay of Chinese urban residents for the environment improvement is 0.21 yuan. Compared with developed countries, China is still at a low level of willingness-to-pay for the environment. This study innovatively introduces the concept of environmental preference, uses the petition data of Chinese residents to the environment as the proxy variable to measure the degree of consumers’ environmental preference, and measures the marginal willingness-to-pay of urban residents for environmental governance, which provides a quantifiable basis for the government to make decisions on environmental pollution control.

Key words: environmental preferences, environmental policies, marginal willingness-to-pay, substitution effects, environmental petition, environmental pollution