资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 749-962.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.04.13

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国规模农户设施农业经营状况及影响因素

韩旭东, 王若男, 崔梦怡, 郑风田()   

  1. 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院,北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 修回日期:2019-08-12 出版日期:2020-04-25 发布日期:2020-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 郑风田
  • 作者简介:韩旭东,男,甘肃通渭人,博士研究生,研究方向为新型农业经营主体发展、乡村治理。E-mail: 2224091973@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(2016010092);国家自然科学基金项目(71873179);中国人民大学2019年度“拔尖创新人才培育资助计划”项目

An empirical analysis on the development status and influencing factors of facility agriculture of large-scale farmers

HAN Xudong, WANG Ruonan, CUI Mengyi, ZHENG Fengtian()   

  1. School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Revised:2019-08-12 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-25
  • Contact: ZHENG Fengtian

摘要:

设施农业是农业现代化发展的标志,也是农产品提质增效的重要途径。规模农户作为中国现代农业的引领者与创新者,能够极大推动设施农业发展。本文利用第二期“全国新型农业经营主体发展指数调查”数据对专业大户和家庭农场设施农业经营现状进行分析,并采用Probit和Tobit模型对影响其发展的因素予以实证分析。研究发现:这两类农户经营设施农业的比例较低、规模较小,设施农业经营品类丰富、以蔬菜类为主,经营过程面临资金、技术等方面制约,整体效益不高。另外,设施农业发展受户主特征、家庭特征及外部环境等因素的显著影响。总体上,户主人力资本越富裕越有利于设施农业发展,家庭特征对不同类型农户的影响不一致,外部产业环境对设施农业发展有相当显著的促进作用,产业集聚是设施农业做大做强乃至农业现代化的重要方向。因此,为进一步推动家庭农场和专业大户设施农业发展,政府还需从政策、资金、技术及市场建设等方面对其予以支持。

关键词: 设施农业, 家庭农场, 专业大户, 规模农户, 农业现代化

Abstract:

Facility agriculture is a symbol of agricultural modernization and an important way to improve the quality and efficiency of agricultural products and production. As the leader and innovator of modern agriculture, large-scale farmers can greatly promote the development of facility agriculture. Using Probit and Tobit models, this study analyzed the development status of facility agriculture of specialized households and family farms based on the data of the second phase of the “national new agricultural management entities development index survey.” The results show that: The proportion of these two types of farmers operating facility agriculture is low, their planting scale is small, the types of products are diversified, and the main products are vegetables. The operation of facility agriculture is restricted by capital and technology, and the overall benefit is not high. In addition, the development of facility agriculture is significantly affected by the characteristics of household heads, family characteristics, external environment, among other factors. On the whole, the richer the household head’s human capital is, the more beneficial it is to the development of facility agriculture. The influence of family characteristics on different types of farmers is inconsistent. External environment plays a significant role in promoting the development of facility agriculture. Industrial agglomeration is an important direction for facility agriculture to grow and become stronger and for realizing agricultural modernization. Therefore, in order to further promote the development of facility agriculture of family farms and specialized households, the government also needs to support them in terms of policy, capital, technical support, and market development.

Key words: facility agriculture, family farm, specialized household, large-scale farmers, agricultural modernization