资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 735-748.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.04.12

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

扶贫资源输入对贫困地区分配公平的影响

管睿, 王倩, 余劲()   

  1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌 712100
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-03 修回日期:2020-03-08 出版日期:2020-04-25 发布日期:2020-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 余劲
  • 作者简介:管睿,男,安徽合肥人,博士研究生,研究方向为贫困治理。E-mail: guanrui@nwsuaf.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71573208);国家自然科学基金项目(71874139);国家重点研发计划“政府间国际科技创新合作”重点专项(2017YFE0181100)

Research on the promotion of poverty alleviation resources input to the distribution justice of poverty-stricken areas

GUAN Rui, WANG Qian, YU Jin()   

  1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
  • Received:2019-07-03 Revised:2020-03-08 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-25
  • Contact: YU Jin

摘要:

扶贫资源作为惠及部分贫困人口的特殊公共资源,其本质上带有公平属性。而在收入差距逐步扩大的现实背景下,扶贫资源分配对收入分配公平的积极作用亟待检验。基于此,本文利用2017年集中连片贫困地区909户农户样本数据,通过PSM模型与带有交互项的OLS模型考察了扶贫资源输入对收入分配公平的影响及其机制。结果表明:精准扶贫政策以转移支付及机会供给这两种方式向乡村社会输入了大量扶贫资源 ,有效改善了贫困地区的分配公平,具体表现在贫困人口年均收入增速高出非贫困人口4.2%,且其分配公平感也高出非贫困人口0.470。但贫困人口对转移支付的非理性偏好问题也随之产生,因此一方面要发挥乡村熟人社会的治理功能,充分调动贫困人口的脱贫主体性,改善其对转移支付的非理性偏好;另一方面也要优化扶贫资源分配结构,对不同类型贫困家庭实行差异化的扶贫政策,以此保障精准扶贫政策在促进分配公平的同时,提高扶贫资源利用效率。

关键词: 扶贫资源, 收入不平等, 分配公平感, PSM模型, OLS模型, 集中连片贫困地区

Abstract:

Precision poverty alleviation policy, as a special public policy benefiting some poor people, is essentially fair. Under the background of the widening income gaps in rural areas, the positive role of precise poverty alleviation policy in promoting distribution equity urgently needs to be tested. Using the sample data of 909 rural households in poverty-stricken areas in 2017, this study investigated the impact of precise poverty alleviation policies on distribution equity and its impact mechanism through propensity score matching (PSM) model and ordinary least squares (OLS) model with interactive items. The results show that the precise poverty alleviation policy can effectively improve the disadvantageous position of the poor in income distribution by means of transfer payment and opportunity supply, and greatly improve the sense of fairness in the distribution of the poor. The treatment effects are 4.2% and 0.470, respectively. However, the irrational preference of the poor farmers for transfer payment also arises. Therefore, on the one hand, we should give full play to the governance function of the rural acquaintance society, fully mobilize the poverty-stricken people’s poverty alleviation subjectivity, and improve their irrational preference for transfer payment. On the other hand, we should optimize the distribution structure of poverty alleviation resources and implement differentiated poverty alleviation policies for different types of poverty-stricken families, so as to ensure that precise poverty alleviation policies promote fair distribution and improve the utilization efficiency of poverty alleviation resources.

Key words: poverty alleviation resources, income inequality, sense of fairness in distribution, PSM model, OLS model, poverty-stricken areas