资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 636-648.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.04.04

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

森林治理中以行动者为中心的权力理论

赵佳程1,2, 张沛1, 巴枫1, Max Krott2, 刘金龙1()   

  1. 1. 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院,北京 100872
    2. 德国哥廷根大学森林与自然保护政策研究所,德国 D-37077
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-01 修回日期:2020-03-24 出版日期:2020-04-25 发布日期:2020-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘金龙
  • 作者简介:赵佳程,男,山东滕州人,博士研究生,研究方向为森林治理。E-mail: zhaojiacheng@ruc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71673288)

Actor-Centred Power Theory in forest governance

ZHAO Jiacheng1,2, ZHANG Pei1, BA Feng1, MAX Krott2, LIU Jinlong1()   

  1. 1. School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    2. Institute of Forest and Nature Conservation Policy, University of Goettingen, Goettingen D-37077, Germany
  • Received:2019-08-01 Revised:2020-03-24 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-25
  • Contact: LIU Jinlong

摘要:

世界经济社会快速发展,森林面积减少、森林退化等生态环境问题日益凸显。森林成为不同行动者博弈的重要舞台,行动者之间的权力关系深刻影响了森林治理的效果。为了分析森林治理等研究领域中的社会网络关系,本文介绍了Max Krott等学者建立的以行动者为中心的权力理论,该理论提出行动者可以通过强制、激励(抑制)、主导信息3个权力要素,将自己的意志强加给其他行动者,并改变了他们的行为,从而决定森林治理的最终效果。该理论逐渐成为多个研究领域的重要分析框架,通过对社会网络的分析,以指导相关政策制定和实施。本文总结了权力理论的概念、研究方法和权力要素分类,并进一步探讨分析了该理论的研究边界和适用领域,并结合中国研究情景,提出了该理论在中国的应用前景和发展潜力。在生态文明建设的背景下,以行动者为中心的权力理论可以为中国学者分析森林等自然资源的现有治理结构、构建良好的治理体系提供有效的分析框架。

关键词: 森林治理, 政策研究, 行动者视角, 权力理论, 分析框架

Abstract:

The rapid development of the world economy and society, the reduction of forest area, forest degradation, and other ecological and environmental issues have become significantly prominent. The forest has become an important stage for the game of different actors. In order to analyze the social network relationship in the research field of forest governance, this article introduced the Actor-centered Power theory established by Max Krott and other colleagues. The theory proposes that actors can impose their interest on others through three power elements coercion, (dis)incentive, and dominant information, which would change the latter’s behavior and determine the ultimate effect of forest governance. Through the analysis of social networks to guide the formulation and implementation of relevant policies, this theory has gradually become an important analytical framework for many research fields. Our article summed up the concepts of power theory, research methods, and classification of power elements, and further explored the research boundary and applicable fields of the theory. Finally, combining Chinese research situation, our article put forward the application prospect and development potential of the theory in China. Under the background of ecological civilization construction, the Actor-centered Power theory could provide an effective analytical framework for Chinese scholars to analyze the existing governance structure of natural resources such as forests and build a good governance system.

Key words: forest governance, policy study, actor perspective, power theory, analytical framework