资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 583-592.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.03.16

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    

森林体验教育活动对城市公众环境负责任行为的影响

赵敏燕1,2, 董锁成1, 吴忠宏3, 李宇1(), 马红4, 邵丹4, 高宁5, 夏冰1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院青藏高原研究所,北京 100101
    3.台中教育大学,台中 40306
    4.北京市林业碳汇工作办公室,北京 100013
    5.西南林业大学,昆明 650224
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-04 修回日期:2019-12-20 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 李宇
  • 作者简介:赵敏燕,女,新疆乌鲁木齐人,副教授,博士后,从事环境解说、自然教育、区域生态经济等研究。E-mail: my.z@yeah.net
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41801220);国家科技部科技基础资源调查专项(2017FY101303);国家科技部科技基础资源调查专项(2017FY101300)

Influence of forest experience education on urban public’s environmentally responsible behavior

ZHAO Minyan1,2, DONG Suocheng1, WU Homer C3, LI Yu1(), MA Hong4, SHAO Dan4, GAO Ning5, XIA Bing1   

  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3.Taichung University of Education, Taichung 40306, China
    4.Beijing Forestry Carbon Sequestration Office, Beijing 100013, China
    5.Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2018-08-04 Revised:2019-12-20 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-05-25
  • Contact: LI Yu

摘要:

全球可持续发展和中国生态文明教育对激发公众环境意识、引导公众环境负责任行为提出了更高要求,尤其对于城市公众的影响意义重大。北京市率先引入森林体验教育理念,发挥森林生态系统文化服务功能,开展丰富多彩的森林体验教育活动。本文基于心流理论及其他文献,构建了森林体验教育活动对引导公众环境负责任行为影响的概念模型,以北京为例调查了676位参与活动的公众,运用结构方程模型方法验证了参与动机(活动前)、活动体验(活动中)对环境负责任行为(活动后)的影响机理。研究结果表明活动体验对引导公众环境负责任行为的影响是显著且正向的,并且是参与动机和环境负责任行为之间关系的完全中介变量。这一结论说明了森林体验教育活动的有效性和必要性,为进一步提升北京市活动效果和推动中国其他地区类似活动提供了理论支撑和实践参考。

关键词: 森林体验教育, 环境负责任行为, 城市公众, 心流理论, 结构方程模型, 北京

Abstract:

Global sustainable development and China’s ecological civilization education put forward higher requirements for stimulating public environmental awareness and guiding public’s environmentally responsible behavior, especially for the urban population. Beijing took the lead in introducing the concept of forest experience education, giving full play to the forest ecosystem’s educational function and carrying out rich and diversified forest experience educational activities. Based on the flow theory and literature, this study constructed a conceptual model of the impact of forest experience educational activities on guiding the environmentally responsible behavior of the public. Taking Beijing as an example, it surveyed 676 participants and used the structural equation modeling method to verify the influencing mechanism of participation motivation (before the activities) and personal experience (during the activities) on the environmentally responsible behaviors (after the activities). The results of the study indicate that the impact of experiences during such activities on guiding the public’s environmentally responsible behavior is significant and positive, and it is a complete mediator between participation motivation and environmentally responsible behavior. This conclusion indicates the effectiveness and necessity of forest experience educational activities. It provides some theoretical support and practical reference for further enhancing the effect of those activities in Beijing and promoting similar activities in other areas of China.

Key words: forest experience education, environmentally responsible behavior, urban public, flow theory, structural equation model, Beijing