资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 570-582.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.03.15

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

再生性资源型城市功能转型异质性及其工业结构解析

郑紫颜1,2, 仇方道1,2(), 张春丽3, 李雪1,2, 李彩1,2, 尹鹏星1,2   

  1. 1.江苏师范大学地理测绘与城乡规划学院,徐州 221116
    2.江苏师范大学城乡融合发展研究院,徐州 221116
    3.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,长春 130102
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-06 修回日期:2020-01-08 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 仇方道
  • 作者简介:郑紫颜,女,江苏邳州人,硕士研究生,研究方向为城市与区域规划。E-mail: 1539156695@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671123);国家自然科学基金项目(41971158);江苏高校哲学社会科学重大项目(2018SJZDA010);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目(KYCX18_1996)

Heterogeneity of functional transformation of renewable resource-based cities in China and analysis of their industrial structure

ZHENG Ziyan1,2, QIU Fangdao1,2(), ZHANG Chunli3, LI Xue1,2, LI Cai1,2, YIN Pengxing1,2   

  1. 1.School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
    2.Urban-Rural Integration Development Research Institute, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
    3.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, CAS, Changchun 130102, China
  • Received:2019-09-06 Revised:2020-01-08 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-05-25
  • Contact: QIU Fangdao

摘要:

再生性资源型城市功能是工业结构的主要反映,而工业结构转型往往引起该类城市功能的演化。本文采用区位偏远度、熵权-TOPSIS等方法,研究了2005—2016年中国再生性资源型城市功能的异质性特征及其演化路径,探讨工业结构对其城市功能演化的促动作用。结果表明:①再生性资源型城市功能整体持续完善,但各子功能协同演化格局尚未形成,资源开采功能显著衰退,科教创新、金融商贸功能不断强化,尤以工业制造和集聚辐射功能差异显著。②再生性资源型城市功能整体上呈现向“生态保障-工业制造”引领下的多元化演化趋势,但演化路径异质性明显。其中成熟型城市功能呈多元均衡演化态势;发展型城市呈向资源开采、集聚辐射“双主导”功能态势演化;初始型城市则呈向非均衡的多功能主导演化趋势。③工业结构转型异质性是驱动再生性资源型城市功能演化路径差异的重要动力,工业结构的多元化、高级化、绿色化、服务化水平越高,再生性资源型城市功能多元综合性越强。城市功能演化又影响着工业结构转型快慢,综合功能强的城市工业结构高级化程度较高,反之较低。

关键词: 工业结构, 城市功能, 异质性, 再生性资源型城市, 熵权-TOPSIS, 区位偏远度, 中国

Abstract:

Function of renewable resource-based cities is a main indicator of industrial structure, and the transformation of industrial structure causes the evolution of the functions of such cities. Using the method of locational remoteness and entropy weight TOPSIS, the functional heterogeneity characteristics and evolution paths of China’s renewable resource-based cities from 2005 to 2016 were studied. The promoting role of industrial structures in the evolution of their urban functions was also discussed. The results show that: (1) The functions of the studied cities have continued to improve, but the co-evolution pattern of each sub-function has not yet been formed. However, the resource exploitation function has declined significantly. The industrial manufacturing and science and education innovation functions have continuously increased. In particular, there are significant differences in the functions of industrial manufacturing and concentrated radiation. Among these cities, the mature and developing cities are characterized both by strong industrial manufacturing and weak resource exploitation, while cities at the initial stage of development have strong ecological security functions and clear differences among sub-functions. (2) The functions of the studied cities have diversified and mainly are based on ecological security-industrial manufacturing overall. However, the evolutionary path is heterogeneous. The mature cities are characterized by multi-dimensional balanced change. The developing cities are characterized by dual functions of resource exploitation and concentrated radiation. The cities at the initial stage of development show an unbalanced and multi-functional dominant change trend. (3) The differences in the functional evolution paths of China’s renewable resource-based cities are driven by the heterogeneity of industrial structure transformation. For China’s renewable resource-based cities, the higher the level of industrial structure’s diversification, advancement, greening, and service, the more comprehensive its functions will be. The evolution of city functions also affects the speed of industrial structure transformation. The degree of advanced industrial structure in cities with strong comprehensive functions is higher, and vice versa.

Key words: industrial structure, city function, heterogeneity, renewable resource-based city, entropy weight TOPSIS, locational remoteness, China