资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 424-432.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.03.02

• 专栏:黄河流域高质量发展的资源禀赋与统筹利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河三角洲陆海统筹可持续发展探讨

许学工1, 梁泽1, 周鑫2   

  1. 1.北京大学城市与环境学院,地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
    2.自然资源部第二海洋研究所,杭州 310012
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-25 修回日期:2020-02-04 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-05-25
  • 作者简介:许学工,女,博士,教授,研究方向为综合自然地理学。E-mail: xxg@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271102)

Land and sea coordination for sustainable development in the Yellow River Delta

XU Xuegong1, LIANG Ze1, ZHOU Xin2   

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Laboratory for Earth Surface Process of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2.Second Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Hangzhou 310012, China
  • Received:2019-12-25 Revised:2020-02-04 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-05-25

摘要:

配合“黄河流域生态保护与高质量发展”国家战略,本文对黄河河口三角洲的发展进行了以下探讨:首先,进行地域结构研究,依据区域特点和发展战略,确定进一步发展的突破点是陆海统筹。第二,进行陆海一体的国土功能区划分,将研究区划分为不同程度的开发与保护功能区,分区跨海岸线联通陆海,便于实施和管控。第三,在陆海统筹、联动发展方面,从几个典型问题入手研究统筹措施:①海港系统:以港口为节点,使陆路运输和海上航运实现陆海联动、以港兴区、完善通道和拓展腹地;②渔业统筹:构建海洋渔业的分带布局,提炼海水与淡水高效生态渔业模式,以及范围和涵义更广的陆海联动;③生态环境:包括陆海一体生态保护,陆海环境同治,以及海岸带防护和减灾系统。作为黄河流域整体系统的组成部分,黄河三角洲既要与流域联动,又要因地制宜,通过陆海统筹,实现生态保护和高质量可持续发展。

关键词: 黄河三角洲, 黄河流域, 陆海统筹, 陆海一体功能区, 可持续发展

Abstract:

In accordance with the national strategy of “ecological protection and high quality development of the Yellow River Basin,” this article discussed the development of the Yellow River Delta. First, regional territorial structure was studied. According to the regional characteristics and the development strategies, the breakthrough point of further development is land-sea coordination. Second, territorial function zoning was conducted to divide the research area into different functional zones for development and protection. The functional zones connect land and sea across the coastline, which is convenient for implementation and management of coordination. Third, with respect to land and sea coordination and interconnected development, this study examined several key issues. (1) Harbor system: Take the ports as nodes to link land transportation and sea shipping, revitalize the area with ports, improve the channel, and expand the hinterland. (2) Fishery: Develop the zonal layout of marine fishery, put forward high efficiency ecological fishery models of sea water and fresh water, and land-sea coordination with a wider scope and meaning. (3) Ecology and environment: Include land-sea integrated ecological protection, land and sea environmental co-governance, as well as coastal protection and disaster risk reduction systems. As an integral part of the overall system of the Yellow River Basin, the development of the Yellow River Delta should not only be linked with basin-wide development, but also adapt to local conditions in order to achieve ecological protection and high-quality sustainable development through land and sea coordination.

Key words: Yellow River Delta, Yellow River Basin, land and sea coordination, land and sea integrated functional zone, sustainable development