资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 383-293.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.02.16

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

干旱区资源型城市绿色经济效率时空分异特征

胡博伟1,2, 周亮1,2(), 王中辉1,2, 车磊3, 张梦瑶4   

  1. 1. 兰州交通大学测绘与地理信息学院,兰州 730070
    2. 地理国情监测技术应用国家地方联合工程研究中心,兰州 730070
    3. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
    4. 中国农业大学人文与发展学院,北京 100193
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-20 修回日期:2019-11-01 出版日期:2020-02-25 发布日期:2020-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 周亮
  • 作者简介:胡博伟,男,河北张家口人,硕士生,研究方向为城市与区域生态可持续发展。E-mail: hubw001@outlook.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41961027);国家自然科学基金项目(41861060);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(17YJCZH268)

Spatiotemporal differentiation of green economic efficiency of resource-based cities in arid area

HU Bowei1,2, ZHOU Liang1,2(), WANG Zhonghui1,2, CHE Lei3, ZHANG Mengyao4   

  1. 1. Faculty of Geomatics, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China
    2. National-Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Technologies and Applications for National Geographic State Monitoring, Lanzhou 730070, China
    3. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    4. College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
  • Received:2019-06-20 Revised:2019-11-01 Online:2020-02-25 Published:2020-04-25
  • Contact: ZHOU Liang

摘要:

绿色经济效率评价对干旱区资源型城市绿色发展质量提升和经济转型意义重大。通过构建基于绿色发展理念的投入-产出指标体系,运用SBM-Undesirable和Malmquist-Luenberger模型,对中国北方干旱区20个资源型城市2006—2016年静态效率、动态效率进行测度。并借助城市发展周期、主导资源类型分类特征以及动态变化视角对干旱区资源型城市的绿色发展水平和特征规律进行差异性分析。结果表明:①干旱区资源型城市绿色经济静态效率总体水平较低(0.932),且城市间效率值表现出较大差异性,其中吕梁、延安和庆阳等城市绿色发展水平相对较高。②按照主导资源类型划分城市的绿色经济效率,呈现石油类(0.995)>综合类(0.958)>金属类(0.908)>煤炭类(0.904)规律特征,金属类城市和煤炭类城市变化趋势相似且都处于较低状态;依据城市发展周期划分城市的绿色经济效率,呈现成长型(0.978)>再生型(0.945)>成熟型(0.920)>衰退型(0.882)的规律特征,衰退型城市绿色发展明显滞后。③干旱区资源型城市绿色经济动态效率总体处于增长状态,在2006-2016年整个时期呈现出“逐步上升—快速上升—缓慢上升”的变化规律。④根据ML指数将城市划分为4种类型,其中增长型和波动增长型城市占比为65%。大同、包头和白银等城市动态效率值较高,绿色经济的增长速度较快。整体上干旱区资源型城市在国家政策引导和统筹管理下,绿色发展水平正逐步得到改善提升。

关键词: 资源型城市, 绿色发展, 经济效率, 时空分异, 干旱区

Abstract:

The evaluation of green economic efficiency is of great significance for evaluating the green development quality and economic transformation effect of resource-based cities in arid regions. This study built an input-output index system based on green development level and used the SBM-Undesirable and Malmquist-Luenberger index models to decompose the static efficiency and dynamic efficiency of 20 resource-based cities in the arid region of China from 2006 to 2016. It also examined the differences in green economic efficiency based on life cycle and functional classifications and dynamic change types and summarized the green development level and characteristics over 11 years for these resource-based cities. The results show that: (1) The static efficiency of green economy of these resource-based cities is generally at a low level (0.932), and the efficiency value between cities is quite different, Luliang, Yan’an and Qingyang have experienced high level of green development. (2) Classified by functional types, green economic efficiency pattern of these cities shows the following characteristics: petroleum (0.995) > comprehensive (0.958) > metal (0.908) > coal (0.904). The trends of change of metal- and coal-mining cities are similar and green economic efficiency in both types of cities is at a low level. Classified by life cycle types, the result shows that: growth type (0.978) > regeneration type (0.945) > maturity type (0.920) > decline type (0.882), while the green development of decline type cities is clearly lagging behind obviously. (3) The dynamic efficiency of green economy of resource-based cities in arid areas of China was generally in a state of growth, which gradually rose, then rapidly rose, and then slowly rose. (4) According to the ML index, the green economic efficiency state of cities is divided into four types, among which growth and fluctuating growth types account for 65%. Datong, Baotou, and Baiyin cities have higher dynamic efficiency values,and have faster growth rate of green economy. On the whole, under the guidance and overall management of national policies, the green development level of resource-based cities in arid areas is gradually improved.

Key words: resource-based cities, green development, economic efficiency, spatiotemporal differentiation, arid area