资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 127-136.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.01.13

• 高质量发展路径 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河流域产业发展对生态环境的胁迫诊断与优化路径识别

金凤君1,2, 马丽1,2,*(), 许堞1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-04 修回日期:2019-12-21 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 马丽
  • 作者简介:金凤君,男,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,研究员,研究方向为经济地理学与区域发展。E-mail: <email>jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn</email>
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院先导专项(XDA19040403);生态环境部2019年环境影响评价管理项目(2110107)

Environmental stress and optimized path of industrial development in the Yellow River Basin

JIN Fengjun1,2, MA Li1,2,*(), XU Die1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-12-04 Revised:2019-12-21 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-01-25
  • Contact: MA Li

摘要:

黄河流域是中国区域发展战略格局的重要支撑区以及国土生态安全的关键区域,也是国家重要的能源安全支撑区和粮食安全基地。但受区位条件、自然地理环境和资源禀赋等因素影响,该地区经济基础相对薄弱,以能源重化工为主的单一化产业体系加重了地区生态环境负担。本文在辨析黄河流域生态保护与高质量发展主要限制因素的基础上,分析了地区产业发展对生态环境本底、大气环境、水资源与水环境、生态功能的胁迫特征,总结了地区产业发展与生态环境保护的主要矛盾及需要把握的关系;提出实现黄河流域生态保护与高质量发展目标,必须处理好产业开发布局与流域生态环境安全格局稳定、重点区域产业发展与资源环境承载能力、重点突破与系统统筹的关系。为此,建议该地区应优化产业发展路径,积极推进以绿色循环为核心的新型工业化,提升产业发展层次;以地区资源环境约束促进能源基础原材料产业规模控制和效率提升;以资源环境承载力为基础优化产业空间布局,确定适宜的产业发展空间和生态保护红线,推进重点能源化工基地建设和城市群产业集聚区建设;加强能矿资源开发的生态空间管控与生态修复,实施一批区域性生态环境治理和修复工程。

关键词: 黄河流域, 产业发展, 生态环境, 胁迫, 优化路径

Abstract:

The Yellow River Basin is a key area for China’s regional development strategy and national ecological security. However, affected by the location, physical environment, and resource endowments, the economic foundation of the region is relatively weak. It has formed an industrial system dominated by energy and heavy chemical industries, which greatly increased the regional ecological burden. The Yellow River Basin is facing the predicaments of weak economic foundation and weak development ability, the pressures of accelerating social and economic development and transformation of development mode, the contradictions between resource use and ecological protection and between industrial development and environmental carrying capacity, and the challenges of deteriorating local living environment. The core contents of ecological environment protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin is to balance the relationship between resource use and environmental protection, the scale of development and the carrying capacity of resources and the environment, and the development of key areas and the protection of the total ecological security to ensure energy security, ecological security, food security, watershed security, and the health of human settlements. We suggest that the region should optimize the industrial development path, actively promote the new industrialization with green industrial development as its core, and improve the level of industrial development and resource and environmental efficiency; optimize the industrial space based on the resource and environmental carrying capacity, determine suitable industrial development space and ecological protection red line, promote the construction of key energy and chemical bases and the construction of industrial clusters in urban agglomerations, implement strict environmental access policies, and improve environmental control standards for industrial development; strengthen spatial control and ecological restoration of energy and mining development projects, and implement a series of regional ecological environment governance and restoration projects.

Key words: Yellow River Basin, industrial development, ecological environment, stress, optimized path