资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 96-103.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.01.10

• 生态保护与恢复 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄土高原社会-生态系统变化及其可持续性

王帅1, 傅伯杰1,*(), 武旭同2, 王亚萍1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京100875
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-09 修回日期:2020-01-08 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 傅伯杰
  • 作者简介:王帅,男,教授,主要从事人地系统耦合与可持续发展研究。E-mail: shuaiwang@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41930649);国家自然科学基金项目(41722102);中央高校基本科研业务费专项

Dynamics and sustainability of social-ecological systems in the Loess Plateau

WANG Shuai1, FU Bojie1,*(), WU Xutong2, WANG Yaping1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2019-12-09 Revised:2020-01-08 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-01-25
  • Contact: FU Bojie

摘要:

在全球变化和人类活动驱动下,社会系统与生态系统均处在不断加剧的动态变化中,揭示二者之间的互馈机制是保持和增强系统弹性以及可持续性的科学基础。黄土高原地区是中国人口、资源、环境矛盾最集中的区域之一,也是黄河重要的产水区和绝大部分泥沙的来源区。合理布局黄土高原土地利用格局,协调黄土高原水土保持和黄河下游水资源利用与泥沙控制,是黄土高原地区和黄河流域可持续发展的重大需求。本文立足于国际社会-生态系统耦合研究前沿和可持续发展与生态建设的国家需求,综述了区域社会系统与生态系统的互馈机制和社会-生态系统的耦合模拟的研究进展,总结了黄土高原社会-生态系统的变化过程和驱动机制,认为发展社会-生态系统动态机制分析方法和稳态转换识别方法,建立耦合社会系统与生态系统的土地利用权衡与优化模型,是推动社会-生态系统耦合研究理论与方法创新、为黄土高原的可持续发展提供科学依据的重要途径。

关键词: 社会-生态系统, 互馈机制, 可持续性, 弹性, 稳态转换, 人地耦合, 黄土高原

Abstract:

Driven by global environmental changes and human activities, the dynamic changes of social systems and ecological systems are increasing. Revealing the interaction mechanisms of this coupled system is the scientific basis for maintaining and enhancing resilience and sustainability. The Loess Plateau (LP) is one of the regions under great pressure from population, resources, and environment in China. It is also an important water and sediment source area of the Yellow River. Rational land use and the coordination of soil and water conservation with water resources use and sediment control are the main requirements of watershed management and regional sustainable development in the lower reaches of the Yellow River Basin. Based on the frontier research of coupled social-ecological system (SES) and the national needs for sustainable development and ecological construction, feedback mechanisms for regional social and ecological systems and coupled SES simulation are the key issues of research. Social-ecological system research in the Loess Plateau needs to illustrate the dynamics and mechanisms of SES evolution, develop methods for analyzing system dynamics and identifying regime shifts, and develop land-use optimization models for sustainable development in the LP, which are useful for the development of theories of SES and practices of sustainable development of the Loess Plateau.

Key words: social-ecological systems, feedback mechanism, sustainability, resilience, regime shift, coupled human and environment systems, Loess Plateau