资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 29-36.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.01.03

• 水资源与水安全 • 上一篇    下一篇

新形势下黄河流域水资源配置战略调整研究

贾绍凤1, 梁媛1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-11 修回日期:2020-01-06 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-01-25
  • 作者简介:贾绍凤,男,湖南龙山人,博士,研究员,研究方向为水资源和区域可持续发展。E-mail: <email>jiasf@igsnrr.ac.cn</email>
  • 基金资助:
    青海三江源生态保护和建设二期工程科研与推广项目(2018-S-3)

Suggestions for strategic allocation of the Yellow River water resources under the new situation

JIA Shaofeng1, LIANG Yuan1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-12-11 Revised:2020-01-06 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-01-25

摘要:

黄河流域在中国经济社会发展和生态安全方面具有十分重要的地位。黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展上升为重大国家战略,对流域水资源配置提出了更高要求,既要为保护生态系统提供助力,也要保障社会经济高质量发展。随着气候变化和人类活动的影响,黄河水沙形势发生剧烈变化,径流量显著减少,但近期有所回升,来沙量急剧减少。为保障黄河流域高质量发展对水资源的需求,面对黄河水沙变化、区域水资源供需变化等新形势,本文估算预留生态(含输沙)水量(80亿~120亿m 3)、下游南水北调及海水利用可替代黄河供水量(25亿~45亿m 3)及上中游部分产业发展需水,研究向黄河上中游分配更多水量指标的水资源战略配置方案,并提出完善水权转让与补偿制度、探索用水指标与土地指标调控的联动机制,以推动新的水资源配置方案的实施。

关键词: 水资源, 战略配置, 新形势, 水资源保障, 黄河流域

Abstract:

The Yellow River Basin plays an important role in China’s social development and ecological security. Ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin have become a significant national strategy, which makes higher requirements on water resources allocation of the basin. The water allocation should not only help ecological system protection but also ensure high-quality development. With the impact of climate change and human activities, the overall runoff of the Yellow River has decreased in recent decades, but it has recovered slightly in the past several years, and the sediment inflow has decreased significantly compared with the historical situation. To meet the water demand of high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, based on the new situation of runoff and sedimentation and regional water supply and demand, this article estimated the reserved ecological and sediment transport water on the lower reaches (8~12 billion m3), alternative water supply of the Yellow River by the South-to-North Water Diversion Project and seawater utilization (2.5~4.5 billion m3), and water demand for the development of some of the industries on the upper and middle reaches. Then scenarios of the Yellow River water resources allocation scheme were designed. To strengthen water resource security for the strategic development in the Yellow River Basin, it is necessary to improve the institutional arrangements and regulations of water right transfer and compensation, and explore the coupling mechanism of water and land spatial adjustments.

Key words: water resources, strategic allocation, new situation, water resource security, Yellow River Basin