资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 20-28.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.01.02

• 历史气候与农业文明 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于技术经济范式的黄河流域农业文明演进

李二玲1,2,3, 崔之珍2, 李亚婷1   

  1. 1. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心暨黄河文明传承与现代文明建设河南省协同创新中心,开封 475004
    2. 河南大学环境与规划学院/农业与农村可持续发展研究所,开封 475004
    3. 城乡协调发展河南省协同创新中心/河南省城乡空间数据挖掘院士工作站,郑州 450000
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-06 修回日期:2019-12-24 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-01-25
  • 作者简介:李二玲,女,河南兰考人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事产业集聚与区域创新发展研究。E-mail: erlingli@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(15JJDZONGHE008);国家自然科学基金项目(41971222);国家自然科学基金项目(41601120);河南省自然科学基金项目(182300410144);河南省哲学社会科学规划项目(2019BJJ019);河南大学一流学科培育项目(2018YLTD16);河南大学一流学科培育项目(2019YLZDYJ12)

Evolution of agricultural civilization in the Yellow River Basin based on the technology-economic paradigm

LI Erling1,2,3, CUI Zhizhen2, LI Yating1   

  1. 1. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Henan Collaborative Innovation Center for the Yellow River Civilization Heritage and Modern Civilization Construction, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning/Agricultural and Rural Sustainable Development Research Institute, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
    3. Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development, Henan Province/Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining, Zhengzhou 450000, China
  • Received:2019-12-06 Revised:2019-12-24 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-01-25

摘要:

找出推动文明演进的内在核心要素是大力推进新时期生态文明建设的关键。本文从技术经济范式变革的视角构建了一个“技术—组织—环境”的分析框架,探讨了黄河流域农业文明的演进过程与内在机理。研究表明:①农业技术经济范式的变革是农业文明演进的根本动力,它包括以人为主体的农业通用技术的革命,生产组织方式的变化以及农业地理环境的变迁;②黄河流域农业文明的演进呈现明显的阶段性,可划分为新石器时代木石锄耕农业文明、青铜时代金属器锄耕农业文明、铁器时代精耕细作农业文明、机器时代工业化农业文明和计算机时代信息生态农业文明五个阶段;③农业文明的演进呈螺旋式上升,其形态的演变是农业技术经济范式三组分及其带来的生产力和生产关系之间协同创新和协同演化的结果;④促进技术经济范式的绿色化转型是生态文明建设的关键内核。建设以绿色信息技术为核心的资源节约、环境友好的信息生态农业文明将是未来农业文明的发展方向。

关键词: 农业文明, 农业技术经济范式, 演进, 黄河流域

Abstract:

Exploring the core factors promoting the evolution of civilization is the key to facilitating the building of ecological civilization. Based on the transformation of the agricultural technology-economic paradigm, an analytical framework was constructed in this study to discuss the evolutionary process and mechanisms of development of agricultural civilization in the Yellow River Basin. The research shows that: (1) The transformation of agricultural technology-economic paradigm is the fundamental driving force for the evolution of agricultural civilization. It includes the revolution of human-based general agricultural technology, changes in the organization of production, and changes in the agricultural production environment; (2) The evolution of agricultural civilization in the Yellow River Basin can be divided into five stages: Neolithic Age wood axe plowing agricultural civilization, Bronze Age metallic tools plowing agricultural civilization, Iron Age intensive agricultural civilization, Machine Age industrialized agricultural civilization, and Computer Age information ecological agricultural civilization; (3) The evolution of agricultural civilization shows a spiral escalation pattern. The evolution of the form is the result of collaborative innovation among the three components of the agricultural technology-economic paradigm, and co-evolution between the productivity and production relations; (4) Promoting the green transformation of technology-economic paradigm is the key to the construction of ecological civilization. Considering the green information technology as the core, constructing a resource saving and environment-friendly information ecological agriculture civilization will be the future direction of development of agricultural civilization.

Key words: agricultural civilization, agricultural technology-economic paradigm, evolution, Yellow River Basin