资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 2342-2355.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.12.17

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    

中国耕地占补平衡研究进展与述评

蒋瑜1,2,3, 濮励杰1,2(), 朱明1, 黄思华1,2, 刘荣娟1,2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室,南京 210023
    3. 广西师范大学环境与资源学院,桂林 541004
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-27 修回日期:2019-10-08 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 濮励杰
  • 作者简介:蒋瑜,女,广西玉林人,博士生,助理研究员,主要研究方向为土地利用与规划。E-mail: jiangyu@mailbox.gxnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871083);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230751);江苏省国土资源科技项目(2018018)

Progress and review of the research of farmland requisition-compensation balance in China

JIANG Yu1,2,3, PU Lijie1,2(), ZHU Ming1, HUANG Sihua1,2, LIU Rongjuan1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. The Key Laboratory of the Coastal Zone Exploitation and Protection, Ministry of Natural Resources, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. College of Environment and Resources, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China
  • Received:2019-06-27 Revised:2019-10-08 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: PU Lijie

摘要:

采用文献计量法和演绎推理法,深入分析中国耕地占补平衡的研究文献。目的是梳理中国耕地占补平衡制度的历史发展脉络,阐述耕地占补平衡的研究主要方向,预测中国耕地占补平衡制度未来可能的研究趋势。结果显示:中国耕地占补平衡研究历史经历了从定性到定量,简单到复杂的4个阶段,分别为国土资源部门注重数量保护的起步阶段、数量质量相结合的发展阶段、快速城镇化新形势下的深入阶段、数量质量生态三位一体阶段。现今中国耕地占补平衡研究导向是促进生态文明建设。中国耕地占补平衡涉及6个主要研究方向:推进耕地占补的内涵拓展到外延的研究;偏重质量绩效的研究;政府部门为主,个体农户为辅的责任主体者研究;基于差别机制的耕地补偿的多元经济学研究;不断发展的纵横向行政管理机制研究;相对薄弱的法律法规研究。针对以上研究方向各自提出相应的研究展望。本文旨在通过综述梳理为中国耕地占补平衡制度的实践及其研究提供参考。

关键词: 土地管理, 耕地占补平衡, 综述, 历史发展, 研究现状, 研究展望

Abstract:

The study used bibliometrics and deductive reasoning methods to analyze the literature on the research of farmland requisition-compensation balance in China. The study expounded the historical development of farmland requisition-compensation balance, summarized its main research directions, and predicted the possible research trends of farmland requisition-compensation balance in the future. Four stages in the development of balancing farmland requisition-compensation in China can be identified, which were the initial stage when the land and resources departments focusing on quantity protection, the developing stage combining quantity and quality concerns, the advanced stage under the new situation of rapid urbanization, and the integrated stage of quantity-quality-ecological-human integration. The research progressed from qualitative to quantitative, simple to complex. At present, the research orientation of farmland requisition-compensation balance in China is the construction of ecological civilization. The research on farmland requisition-compensation balance involved six main research directions: from connotation to extension; quantity performance, quality performance, and ecological performance; stakeholders or responsible subjects, that is government institutions and individual farmers; economic compensation or index trading; vertical and horizontal administrative mechanisms; and the relatively weak research on laws and regulations. In view of the above research directions, the corresponding research prospects have been proposed. First, further research may deepen the understanding of the connotation of farmland requisition-compensation balance. Second, an improved performance evaluation system for farmland requisition-compensation balance may be formed in the future. Third, the comprehensive responsibility for cultivated land protection will be encouraged. Fourth, the quantitative analysis for economic compensation or index trading will be improved. Fifth, the national administrative management mechanism will be enhanced. Last, the laws and regulations on farmland requisition-compensation balance will be improved. This article may provide a reference for the practice and research of farmland requisition-compensation balance in China.

Key words: land management, farmland requisition-compensation balance, review, historical development, research situation, research prospect