资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 2274-2283.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.12.11

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城乡差距对农地违法非农化的影响

王青1, 陈志刚2()   

  1. 1. 南京邮电大学社会与人口学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-21 修回日期:2019-08-11 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈志刚
  • 作者简介:王青,女,江苏仪征人,博士,副教授,研究方向为资源管理与公共政策。E-mail: wangqing@njupt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(16YJC630122);国家自然科学基金项目(41671171)

Impact of urban-rural gap on illegal farmland conversion in China

WANG Qing1, CHEN Zhigang2()   

  1. 1. School of Sociology and Population Sciences, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-05-21 Revised:2019-08-11 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: CHEN Zhigang

摘要:

城乡差距对于农村土地利用特别是农地违法非农化有着不可忽视的影响。本文首先从理论层面探讨了城乡差距对农地违法非农化的影响机理;在此基础上通过构建计量模型,并运用1999—2016年中国大陆31个省(市、区)的面板数据,进行了系统的实证检验。结果显示:城乡差距扩大会导致农地违法非农化规模显著增长,尤其是随着财政支农支出占比的下降和城乡居民人均可支配收入差距的扩大,农地违法非农化规模增幅明显。具体地,在省级层面,财政支农支出占比每下降一个百分点,农地违法非农化规模会增加近25 hm 2;城乡居民人均可支配收入差距每扩大10%,农地违法非农化规模也会增加约15 hm 2;而城乡土地产出效益差的扩大对农地违法非农化的影响则小得多。此外,在不同经济发展地区(或不同经济发展阶段),城乡差距变化对农地违法非农化的影响存在显著差异。最后从有效遏制农地违法非农化的角度,针对性地提出了缩小城乡差距的相关路径和建议。

关键词: 城乡差距, 农地非农化, 土地违法, 财政支农支出, 城乡居民收入, 土地产出效益, 中国

Abstract:

Urban-rural gap has a wide and far-reaching impact on China’s economic and social development. This study first explored the influencing mechanisms of urban-rural gap on illegal farmland conversion in theory, then an econometric model was built to test the impacts of China’s urban-rural gap change on illegal farmland conversion using the panel data of China’s mainland during 1999 to 2016. The results show that the widening gap between urban and rural areas led to a significant increase in the scale of illegal farmland conversion. Especially with the decrease of the proportion of financial support for agriculture and rural development, and the widening gap of per capita disposable income between urban and rural residents, the scale of illegal farmland conversion increased significantly. At the provincial level, for every 1% reduction in the proportion of financial support for agriculture and rural development, the scale of illegal farmland conversion increased by nearly 25 hm 2. For every 10% increase in the per capita disposable income gap between urban and rural residents, the scale of illegal farmland conversion increased by nearly 15 hm 2. The widening gap between urban and rural land output has a much smaller impact on illegal farmland conversion. Furthermore, in different areas (or stages) of economic development, there are significant differences in the impact of urban-rural gap changes on illegal farmland conversion. At the end of this article, from the perspective of effectively curbing the illegal conversion of farmland, we put forward some relevant approaches and suggestions to narrow the urban-rural gap.

Key words: urban-rural gap, farmland conversion, illegal land use, financial support for agriculture and rural development, income of urban and rural residents, land output, China