资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 2216-2226.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.12.06

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然资源统一确权登记制度的嵌套式构造

韩英夫, 佟彤()   

  1. 辽宁大学法学院,沈阳 110136
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-16 修回日期:2019-11-17 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 佟彤
  • 作者简介:韩英夫,男,辽宁沈阳人,讲师,主要从事环境与资源保护法研究。E-mail: hanyingfu0717@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    辽宁省社会科学规划基金青年项目(L19CFX001);中国法学会2018年度部级法学研究课题(GLS2018D136);辽宁大学亚洲研究中心资助研究项目(Y201918)

On the nested structure of the system for unified confirmation and registration of natural resources rights

HAN Yingfu, TONG Tong()   

  1. Law School, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110136, China
  • Received:2019-08-16 Revised:2019-11-17 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: TONG Tong

摘要:

自然资源统一确权登记是自然资源资产产权制度改革的基础性制度,在公示物权秩序的传统功能之外,还承接了生态保护与监管的全新制度目标。双重制度目标引发登记单元划定标准不确定、登记客体法律性质含混等问题,危及确权登记制度的有效发挥。基于自然资源的生态价值对经济价值的实现存在嵌入性的制约关系,自然资源统一确权登记应定位于通过重识各资源要素间生态关联而进行的空间维度的整体性登记。因此,在整合现行不动产登记制度的基础上,有必要释明并完善自然资源统一确权登记在登记功能(生态监管—权属确认)、登记客体(生态空间—资源要素)、运行逻辑(外部行政监管—所有权自我约束)等方面的嵌套式构造,以实现自然资源统一确权登记的双重目标。

关键词: 自然资源, 确权登记, 产权制度, 自然生态空间, 空间确权

Abstract:

As a basic system for the reform of the property right system of natural resources assets, the unified confirmation and registration of natural resources rights has also taken on the brand-new system goal of ecological protection and supervision in addition to the traditional function of publicizing the real right order. The dual purpose of the system is to cause problems such as uncertainty of the demarcation standard of the registration unit and vagueness of the legal nature of the registration object, thus jeopardizing the effectiveness of the system for unified confirmation and registration. Based on the embeddedness of the ecological value of natural resources in the realization of economic values, unified confirmation and registration should be located in the overall registration of spatial dimensions by re-recognizing the ecological relationship between various resource elements. Therefore, on the basis of integrating the current real estate registration system, it is necessary to clarify and improve the nested structure of the unified confirmation and registration of natural resources in terms of registration function (ecological supervision-ownership confirmation), registration object (ecological space-resource element), and operation logic (external administrative supervision-ownership self-restraint), so as to successfully realize the dual goal of confirmation and registration of natural resources rights.

Key words: natural resources, confirmation and registration, property rights system, natural ecological space, confirmation of rights to space