资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 2155-2171.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.12.01

• 资源经济 •    下一篇

考虑环境和代际负外部性的中国采矿业绿色全要素生产率

于立宏, 王艳, 陈家宜   

  1. 华东理工大学商学院,上海 200237
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-21 修回日期:2019-10-05 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 作者简介:于立宏,女,黑龙江伊春人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为政府规制、资源环境经济学。E-mail: ylhcumt@vip.sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71773029)

Green total factor productivity of Chinese mining industries considering negative intergenerational and environmental externalities

YU Lihong, WANG Yan, CHEN Jiayi   

  1. School of Business, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
  • Received:2019-05-21 Revised:2019-10-05 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25

摘要:

中国采矿业具有代际负外部性和环境负外部性特征,但传统的全要素生产率不考虑负外部性影响,而现有绿色全要素生产率测算也仅考虑环境污染,难以真实衡量采矿业的效率与绿色技术进步。本文构建了考虑双重负外部性的绿色全要素生产率测度框架,基于2005—2015年采矿业的省级面板数据测算其变动率,并将绿色全要素生产率分解为技术进步、规模报酬、代际负外部性、环境负外部性等,以考察其关键影响因素和传导机制。结果显示:①考虑环境和代际双重负外部性的绿色全要素生产率普遍低于传统全要素生产率的结果。②采矿业的绿色全要素生产率均有显著增长,其中,黑色金属开采业增速最快,其次为煤炭开采业和有色金属开采业,油气开采业最低。③代际和环境负外部性因素对绿色全要素生产率皆呈现抑制作用,但对不同产业的抑制程度存在异质性。环境负外部性对煤炭开采业和有色金属开采业的绿色全要素生产率具有较高的抑制作用,而代际负外部性对油气开采业和黑色金属开采业的抑制作用则高于其他采矿业。

关键词: 采矿业, 绿色全要素生产率, 代际负外部性, 环境负外部性

Abstract:

Negative intergenerational and environmental externalities are the basic characteristics of Chinese mining industries. Total factor productivity (TFP) had not taken dual negative externalities into account, while most studies on green total factor productivity (GTFP) only considered environmental pollution, and therefore it is difficult to measure the true efficiency of green technology in mining industries. In this study, dual negative externalities were added into the modified Solow residual model to measure the growth rate of GTFP based on the inter-provincial panel data of mining industries from 2005 to 2015, and then GTFPs were decomposed into the effects of technological progress, returns to scale, negative intergenerational externality, negative environmental externality, and so on. The results show that: (1) GTFP was generally lower than TFP without dual negative externalities, and the overall trend was more stable. (2) The GTFP of mining industries presented a clear increasing tendency. Ferrous metal mining industry had the fastest growth rate, followed by coal mining industry and nonferrous metal mining industry, and oil and gas mining industry had the lowest growth rate. (3) The decomposition of GTFP shows that negative intergenerational and environmental externalities both restrained GTFP. Through a comparative analysis, we found that coal and nonferrous metal industries were greatly affected by negative environmental externality, while extraction of oil and gas and ferrous metal mining were more affected by negative intergenerational externality.

Key words: mining industry, green total factor productivity, negative intergenerational externality, negative environmental externality