资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 1972-1981.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.11.02

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

农地承包经营权稳定性对农户秸秆还田行为的影响

高立1, 赵丛雨1, 宋宇2()   

  1. 1. 中国石油大学(北京)经济管理学院, 北京102249
    2. 河南农业大学经济与管理学院, 郑州450002
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-04 修回日期:2019-07-11 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-12-03
  • 通讯作者: 宋宇
  • 作者简介:高立,男,广西南宁人,副教授,博士,研究方向为环境与资源经济学。E-mail: gaolicup@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(71803192);中国石油大学(北京)科研基金项目(2462017YJRC049);河南省科技厅科技攻关农业类课题(172102110182)

Effect of stability of land contract and land-use rights on straw retention of rural households

GAO Li1, ZHAO Congyu1, SONG Yu2()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing 102249, China
    2. Institute of Economics and Management, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Received:2019-03-04 Revised:2019-07-11 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-12-03
  • Contact: SONG Yu

摘要:

十八届三中全会提出中国农村土地由“二权分离”向“三权分离”转变,以促进土地流转和农业市场化,但也可能导致农户对承包经营权稳定性的整体预期下降,进而影响农民采取如秸秆还田等长期性土地投资的积极性。本文基于2016年河南省农户秸秆处置行为的问卷调研及565个地块样本数据,构建了农户秸秆处置行为三阶段分析框架,并运用二元离散Probit模型分析和识别了农地承包经营权稳定性对农户秸秆还田行为的影响。研究结果表明:由于地权稳定性的差异,农户在拥有承包权的地块上具有更强的秸秆还田意愿。具体来说,样本农户在无承包权的地块上秸秆还田的概率比拥有承包权的地块平均低7.7个百分点。本文根据研究结论提出政策建议:政府应采取额外措施提高耕作者在租赁、托管等无承包权地块上的还田意愿,避免因为土地流转市场规模的扩大和农民采取保护性耕作意愿的降低,导致农村土地和环境问题恶化的潜在风险。

关键词: 承包经营权稳定性, 秸秆还田, 秸秆处置行为, 三权分离, 产权性质, 土地流转, 河南省

Abstract:

The third plenary session of the 18th central committee of the Communist Party of China proposed the transformation of rural land from “separation of two rights” to “separation of three rights” to promote land transfer and agricultural marketization, but it may also lead to the decline of farmers’ overall expectation of the stability of land contract and land-use rights, which may affect the enthusiasm of farmers to take long-term land investment, such as straw retention. Based on a rural household survey of straw treatment in Henan Province in 2016 and a dataset of 565 plot-level observations, we constructed a three-stage framework of households’ straw treatment and examined the effect of stability of land contract and land-use rights on adoption of straw retention using a binary probit model. The empirical results reveal that own-contracted plots are associated with higher willingness of adopting straw retention than those without land contract rights by rural households due to the difference in land tenure stability. Specifically, the surveyed households with land contract rights have on average 7.7 percentage points higher probability of adopting straw retention than those without. According to the conclusions, we put forward the following policy recommendations: the government may take further actions to stimulate farmers’ willingness of straw retention on plots without land contract rights, such as rented and trusteeship plots, in order to reduce the potential risk of deterioration of rural land and environment due to the expansion of land transfer market and the decrease of farmers’ willingness to adopt conservation tillage.

Key words: stability of land contract and land-use rights, straw retention, straw treatment, separation of land rights, nature of property rights, land transfer, Henan Province