资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1837-1848.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.10.07

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

家庭农场绿色防控技术政策偏好与补偿意愿

高杨1,赵端阳1,于丽丽2   

  1. 1. 曲阜师范大学 食品安全与农业绿色发展研究中心,日照 276826
    2. 龙谷大学 经济学研究科,日本京都 612-8577
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-19 修回日期:2019-08-25 出版日期:2019-10-25 发布日期:2019-10-25
  • 作者简介:高杨,男,山东兖州人,教授,主要研究方向为农业绿色发展。E-mail: koyo718@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(71803096);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(18YJA790024);山东省自然科学基金面上项目(ZR2018MG009)

Family farms’ policy preferences and willingness to accept compensation on green pest control techniques

GAO Yang1,ZHAO Duanyang1,YU Lili2   

  1. 1. Research Center for Food Safety and Agricultural Green Development, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, China
    2. Graduate School of Economics, Ryukoku University, Kyoto 612-8577, Japan
  • Received:2018-07-19 Revised:2019-08-25 Online:2019-10-25 Published:2019-10-25

摘要:

病虫害绿色防控技术对实现化学农药减量控害和促进农业可持发展具有重要作用。本文以黄淮海平原的371户家庭农场为例,运用选择实验法,在通过事前“暖身”和“披露”来消除排序效应,并采用推断性属性非参与方法对家庭农场忽略的属性进行信息处理的基础上,构建分层贝叶斯广义混合Logit模型,探讨家庭农场对绿色防控技术推广政策的偏好,并估计家庭农场绿色防控技术采纳的平均补偿意愿及各政策属性边际补偿意愿,以便为政府制定更具针对性和可操作性的推广政策,以及合理的补偿金额提供参考依据。研究发现:家庭农场尤其偏好政府对其进行销售、资金和技术支持;在面临相同的推广政策属性组合时,农场主务农年限越短、受教育水平越高、资产状况越充裕和劳动力数量越少的家庭农场,其绿色防控覆盖率增加的可能性越大;家庭农场的平均补偿意愿为99.66元/亩,各政策属性边际补偿意愿从高到低依次为销售支持(14.75元/亩)、信贷支持(13.75元/亩)、技术支持(12.21元/亩)和保险支持(0.27元/亩)。因此,应将推广政策聚焦于销售、资金和技术3个方面;以农场主务农年限短、受教育水平高、资产状况充裕、劳动力数量少的家庭农场为重点推广对象;结合地区各政策支持力度的变化,灵活地调整具体补贴金额。

关键词: 家庭农场, 病虫害绿色防控技术, 广义混合Logit模型, 政策偏好, 补偿意愿, 黄淮海平原

Abstract:

Green pest control techniques play an important role in reducing and controlling the usage of chemical pesticides and promoting the sustainable development of agriculture. Based on the data of 371 family farms in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, this study used the choice experiment method to eliminate the ordering effect through “warm-up” and “disclosure,” and the inferred attribute nonattendance method to process information that is ignored by the family farms. On these bases, a generalized mixed logit model was constructed to estimate the parameters. With the aid of hierarchical Bayesian estimation, the preference of family farms for green control techniques extension policies was explored. Then we estimated the average willingness to accept compensation for the adoption of green control techniques for family farms and the marginal willingness to accept for various policy attributes, which provide a reference for the government to formulate more targeted and operational extension policies and reasonable compensation amounts. The results show that family farms particularly prefer sales, financing, and technical support. With the same combination of extension policy attributes, the family farms with shorter farming years and higher education levels of farmers, better asset conditions, and smaller number of laborers are more likely to increase their green control techniques coverage; the farms’ average willingness to accept compensation is at 99.66 yuan/mu, and the marginal willingness to accept from low to high was insurance support (0.27 yuan/mu), technical support (12.21 yuan/mu), credit support (13.75 yuan/mu), and sales support (14.75 yuan/mu). Therefore, extension policies should be focused on sales, funding, and technical aspects; focus on family farms with fewer years of farming of the farmers, high level of farmer education, abundant assets, and small number of laborers; the specific subsidy amount can be flexibly adjusted according to the changes of policy support in different regions.

Key words: family farms, green pest control techniques, generalized mixed logit model, policy preference, willingness to accept, Huang-Huai-Hai Plain