资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1747-1757.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.15

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

个体环境态度对城市森林感知和满意度的影响

黄元1,赵正2,杨洁1,段梦姣1,温亚利1()   

  1. 1. 北京林业大学经济管理学院,北京 100083
    2. 上海师范大学旅游学院,上海 200234
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-12 修回日期:2019-05-27 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 温亚利
  • 作者简介:黄元,女,广西南宁人,博士研究生,研究方向为区域可持续发展与人文地理。E-mail:huangyuanhyhy@bjfu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    北京市园林绿化法治进程和效果监测研究项目(20180531);北京市社会科学基金项目(18GLC054)

Impact of individuals’ environmental attitude on the perception and satisfaction of urban forest

HUANG Yuan1,ZHAO Zheng2,YANG Jie1,DUAN Mengjiao1,WEN Yali1()   

  1. 1. School of Economics & Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2. Tourism College, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2019-03-12 Revised:2019-05-27 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: WEN Yali

摘要:

城市森林能够为现代城市提供种类丰富的功能服务,是现代城市可持续发展的重要组成部分。在生态优先的新时代背景下,市民的环境态度对城市森林感知和满意度的影响研究对现代城市森林的建设具有十分重要的指导意义。本文在参考现有理论的基础上,构建环境信念、环境情感和环境关注度3个维度的环境态度对双方向的城市森林感知和满意的理论作用模型,并通过结构方程模型进行实证。研究结果表明:环境信念对环境情感有正向显著影响;环境情感对城市森林正向感知有正向显著影响,对城市森林负向感知有负向显著影响,对环境关注度有正向显著影响;环境关注度对双方向城市森林感知有正向显著影响;城市森林正向感知对城市森林满意度有正向显著影响;环境关注度在环境情感对城市森林正向感知路径中存在中介效应,在环境情感对城市森林负向感知路径中存在遮掩效应。本文旨在进一步完善现有的环境态度、环境感知与满意度的理论体系,并为现代城市森林建设体系优化提供科学合理的参考。

关键词: 环境态度, 城市森林, 感知, 满意度, 中介效应, SEM

Abstract:

Urban forest is an important part of sustainable development in modern cities, which can provide a variety of functional services for the cities. In the context of the new era of ecological priority, the impact of citizens’ environmental attitudes on the perception and satisfaction of urban forests is of great significance to the construction of modern urban forests. Based on the existing theories, a conceptual model of environmental attitude including environmental belief, environmental affection, and environmental concern on two-way perception and satisfaction of urban forests was constructed, and empirical studies were carried out by using the structural equation model. The results show that environmental belief had a positive and significant impact on environmental affection. Environmental affection in turn had a positive and significant impact on environmental concern, while environmental concern had a positive and significant impact on two-way perception of urban forest. We also found that urban forest satisfaction was affected positively and significantly by positive perception of urban forest. Environmental concern showed mediating effects in the path of environmental affection to positive perception of urban forest, while the suppressing effects was found in another path of environmental affection to negative perception of urban forest. The purpose of this study was to further improve the existing theoretical system of environmental attitude, environmental perception, and satisfaction, and to provide a scientific reference for the optimization of modern urban forest construction system.

Key words: environmental attitude, urban forest, perception, satisfaction, mediating effects, SEM