资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1724-1733.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.13

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于路径依赖视角的旅游资源诅咒演化模型

李文静1,张朝枝1,2()   

  1. 1. 中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
    2. 伊利诺伊大学—中山大学国家公园国际联合实验室,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-25 修回日期:2019-06-23 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 张朝枝
  • 作者简介:李文静,女,湖南岳阳人,博士生,研究方向为旅游发展与目的地管理。E-mail: 365347506@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471122)

An evolutionary process model of tourism resource curse: Based on path dependence theory

LI Wenjing1,ZHANG Chaozhi1,2()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. University of Illinois and Sun Yat-sen University International Joint Lab for National Park Research, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2019-01-25 Revised:2019-06-23 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Chaozhi

摘要:

旅游资源诅咒假说常在旅游研究中解释旅游发展与经济长期增长的非线性关系,但这一过程是怎样形成的却并不清楚。本文通过系统梳理旅游资源诅咒假说相关文献,认为资源依赖型旅游发展模式是否阻碍经济增长是判断旅游资源诅咒假说成立的基础,旅游发展的挤出效应是旅游资源诅咒假说的作用原理,而路径依赖则是旅游资源诅咒的生成机制。在此基础上,本文分析了旅游资源价值的动态变化特征、旅游产业演化的复杂特征,结合路径依赖复合模型,建立了结合宏观及微观两个层面的旅游资源诅咒演变模型。模型认为:受旅游资源丰裕度影响,旅游目的地在宏观上会在路径依赖的影响下陷入发展模式锁定状态;但受旅游资源价值边界变化的影响,旅游目的地在微观上会根据市场需要不断发生层级演化及转换发展,试图通过不同发展路径重组突破旅游资源诅咒困境。本文加深了对旅游资源诅咒复杂演化过程的理解,对促进旅游目的地的可持续发展具有参考意义。

关键词: 旅游, 资源诅咒假说, 路径依赖, 复合模型, 旅游目的地发展, 演化转向

Abstract:

The application of tourism resource curse hypothesis in tourism research can explain the nonlinear relationship between tourism development and long-term economic growth, but how this process came about is unclear. This article examines the existing studies in the tourism resource curse research field by a systematic review. The study shows whether the resource-dependent tourism development hinders economic growth is the basis for judging the establishment of tourism resource curse. The crowding out effect to other industries is the principle of tourism resource curse. The classic path dependence model is the generation mechanism of the tourism resource curse. Based on these, this article analyzes the dynamic characteristics of tourism resource value and the complex characteristics of the tourism industry. Combined with the composite-standard model of path dependence, this article establishes a tourism resource curse evolutionary process model by combining macro-level and micro-level path dependence evolution. At the macro-level, due to the abundance of tourism resources, tourism destinations will be locked into a tourism development path. At the micro-level, however, due to the changes in the boundary of tourism resource value, tourism destinations will continue a hierarchical evolution according to the change of market needs and institutions, and transform the tourism development path. Facilitated by the evolutionary process, tourism destinations try to break through the tourism resource curse through different development paths. This study has deepened our understanding of the complex evolution process of tourism resource curse, and may provide some reference for promoting sustainable tourism.

Key words: tourism, resource curse hypothesis, path dependence, composite-standard model, tourism destination development, evolutionary turn