资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1714-1723.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.12

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

跨区域财政转移制度的耕地保护效应——以新增建设用地使用费为例

曹瑞芬1,张安录2   

  1. 1. 浙江工商大学土地资源管理系,杭州 310018
    2. 华中农业大学土地管理学院,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-10 修回日期:2019-06-25 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 作者简介:曹瑞芬,女,湖北钟祥人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为土地资源经济。E-mail: cao.ruifen@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71904173);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(17YJC790004);浙江省社科规划课题(18NDJC183YB)

Effect of transregional fiscal payment system for cultivated land protection: Taking new construction land compensation fees as an example

CAO Ruifen1,ZHANG Anlu2   

  1. 1. Department of Land Resources Management, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
    2. College of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2018-12-10 Revised:2019-06-25 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25

摘要:

跨区域财政转移制度是解决耕地保护区域非均衡的重要工具,其通过管制弱化区域和管制强化区域之间的横向财政转移,使得不同区域均能享受到国土空间优化带来的福利提升,有助于耕地保护的实施。本文初步尝试将新增费缴纳、新增费分配过程有机结合,视为横向跨区域财政转移支付,即新增费由建设用地指标多的非农发展区流向耕地保护任务重的农地保护区,并考察这种以新增费为载体的跨区域财政转移制度的耕地保护作用机理。在此基础上,本文采用中国2005—2015年间省级面板数据,通过建立动态面板计量模型和引入系统GMM估计方法进行实证检验。研究结果表明:以新增费为载体的省际横向跨区域财政转移制度有助于调动地方政府保护耕地的积极性,达到耕地保护的目的,但是其发挥的作用非常有限。进一步探讨新增费的两个主要组成部分——新增费缴纳和新增费分配的耕地保护效应大小可知,相比于新增费分配,新增费缴纳的耕地保护效果更好。本文研究结果有助于完善以新增费为载体的省际横向跨区域财政转移支付制度,促进耕地资源保护。

关键词: 耕地保护, 效应分析, 跨区域财政转移制度, 新增费, 系统广义矩(SYS-GMM)方法

Abstract:

Transregional fiscal payment system is an important tool for addressing the issue of regional imbalance brought by cultivated land protection. Through horizontal fiscal transfer between areas with different regulatory intensity, the system enables different regions to share the dividends of land-use optimization, which is helpful to the implementation of cultivated land protection. This study comprehensively considered the processes of collecting and distributing the fees for new increased construction land and took the whole process as a kind of transregional fiscal payment, that is, the fees are transferred from the nonagricultural development zone with higher quota of construction land to the cultivated land protection zone with heavy farmland protection task. On this basis, it examined the arable land protection effect of this kind of transregional fiscal payment system with the fees for new increased construction land as the carrier. A dynamic panel data model and system generalized method of moments (SYS-GMM) estimation are employed to verify the theory by using the provincial level panel data in China from 2005 to 2015. The results show that the interprovincial horizontal fiscal transfer payment system based on the fees for new increased construction land could help to mobilize the local governments to protect cultivated land and serve the purpose of protecting arable land, but its role is very limited. Among the two components of the fees, compared to fee distribution, the cultivated land protection effect of fees collection is better in China. This research may contribute to improving the interprovincial horizontal fiscal transfer payment system based on the fees for new increased construction land and promote cultivated land protection.

Key words: cultivated land protection, effect analysis, transregional fiscal payment system, fees for new increased construction land, SYS-GMM