资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1703-1713.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.11

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于村域多功能视角的乡村振兴策略——以鄂西郧阳山区为例

张利国,王占岐(),魏超,高云霄   

  1. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-02 修回日期:2019-07-04 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 王占岐
  • 作者简介:张利国,男,广西贺州人,博士生,研究方向为土地利用与评价。E-mail: zh.liguo@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71673258);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(CUGCJ1706)

Rural revitalization strategy based on the perspective of rural multifunctions: A case of the mountainous areas in Yunyang District of Shiyan City,western Hubei Province

ZHANG Liguo,WANG Zhanqi(),WEI Chao,GAO Yunxiao   

  1. School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2018-05-02 Revised:2019-07-04 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: WANG Zhanqi

摘要:

乡村振兴战略是新时代背景下中国妥善解决三农问题的重大战略决策。村域多功能发展及管理是实现乡村全面振兴的有效契合点和新路径。本文通过系统建立评价指标体系,应用综合评价法对研究区村域各项功能及多功能指数展开评价,利用纵横对比法识别村域主导功能及短板功能,确定各村域的发展类型,并提出了差异化发展路径。研究结果表明:①村域农业生产功能、居住生活功能、社会保障功能及生态保育功能的空间分异明显;②山区村域多功能指数整体不高,且各村域差异不大;③通过识别各村域主导功能及短板功能,建立发展类型划分规则,将研究区划分为极化发展型、主导发展型及综合发展型3大发展类型,并进一步将极化发展型细分为4类发展亚型,将主导发展类型分为3类发展亚型,最终对各类发展类型提出了相应的发展策略。本文从村域多功能视角探索乡村振兴策略,为中国新时代乡村振兴战略提供借鉴,也有利于拓展地域多功能研究视角,进一步丰富多功能研究理论框架。

关键词: 多功能, 乡村振兴战略, 评价, 发展策略, 贫困山区, 鄂西郧阳山区

Abstract:

Under the background of China’s rapid urbanization, rural areas are still facing a severe situation of lagging behind or even backward development. Rural revitalization strategy is a significant strategic decision for China to properly solve the “Three Rural Issues.” The multifunctional development and its management of villages will be a focal point and a new path to realize the overall revitalization of the countryside. This study established a systematic evaluation index to evaluate the multifunctions of village space, and used the horizontal and vertical comparison methods to identify dominant functions and weak functions of each village, determine the development type of the village, and finally put forward different development strategies for the villages. The results are as follows: (1) The agricultural production function, living function, social security function, and ecological conservation function are spatially different in the mountainous rural areas; (2) The multifunction index values are low overall and show little variations for the villages; (3) Through identifying the dominant functions and weak functions, the study established a set of criteria to classify development types for villages, and then divided the villages of the study area into polarized development type, leading development type, and comprehensive development type. Next, the polarized development villages were divided into four subtypes of development, and the leading development villages were divided into three subtypes. Finally, we put forward the corresponding development strategies for various types of villages. This study explored the strategies of rural revitalization from the perspective of village space multifunctions, which may provide some practical reference for rural revitalization strategy in the new era, expand the perspective of regional multifunctional research, and enrich the theoretical framework of multifunctional study.

Key words: multifunctions, Rural Revitalization Strategy, evaluation, development strategy, poverty-stricken mountainous areas, Yunyang District of western Hubei Province