资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1641-1654.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.06

• 碳排放与能源 • 上一篇    下一篇

LULUCF关联林业碳问题研究进展

许恩银1,2,陶韵1,2,杨红强1,2,3()   

  1. 1. 南京林业大学经济管理学院,南京 210037
    2. 国家林业局林产品经济贸易研究中心,南京 210037
    3. 南京大学长江三角洲经济社会发展研究中心,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-02 修回日期:2019-07-12 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨红强
  • 作者简介:许恩银,女,江苏南通人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地利用、土地利用变化与林业。E-mail: xuenyin068@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省"333高层次人才工程"科研项目(BRA2018070);国家社会科学基金重点项目(14AJY014);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目(KYCX18_0974)

Research progress of forestry carbon issues related to land use, land-use change and forestry

XU Enyin1,2,TAO Yun1,2,YANG Hongqiang1,2,3()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
    2. Research Center for Economics and Trade in Forest Products, The State Forestry Administration, Nanjing 210037, China
    3. Center for the Yangtze River Delta’s Socioeconomic Development, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2019-04-02 Revised:2019-07-12 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: YANG Hongqiang

摘要:

土地利用、土地利用变化和林业(LULUCF)关联的碳问题是影响适应和减缓气候变化的重要问题。厘清近20年来LULUCF涉及林业碳科学的国际研究进展,对作好响应气候变化的林业政策制定及调整具有重要意义。本文应用CiteSpace分析工具,以Web of Science 数据库1999—2018年的175篇文献为研究对象,运用知识图谱分析,归纳了LULUCF林业碳问题的研究趋势。结果表明:①“制度和方法的改进”“林业管理行为”和“环境目标”3大类群是当前LULUCF的研究主题。②德国、意大利、英国和美国是研究LULUCF的主要国家,分别侧重于研究毁林、林业项目、经济成本问题和部门响应机制。③LULUCF社会科学的研究重点是土地利用管理、政策制度的响应机制和减缓气候变化的信贷等经济调节杠杆问题,主要方法是以情景分析法和一般均衡模型为代表的工程管理学与经济学方法。本文对于中国LULUCF未来的研究提供了相关建议:完善LULUCF碳核算基础方法和土地利用及动态变化监测的理论及手段,重视林业管理项目的科学评估及其对林业政策调整的指导作用,加快推进LULUCF碳预算及土地利用部门针对减排方案的制订。

关键词: LULUCF, CiteSpace, 林业碳, 聚类, 林业管理项目, 碳预算, 碳抵消

Abstract:

The carbon issues associated with land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) is an important issue affecting adaptation and mitigation of climate change. Clarifying the international research progress related to forestry and carbon issues in the past 20 years is of great significance for the formulation and adjustment of forestry policies in response to climate change. This article analyzes 175 documents in the Web of Science database from 1999 to 2018 and summarizes the research trends of LULUCF carbon research with the CiteSpace tool. The results show that: (1) The current research topics of LULUCF are “improvement of systems and methods,” “forest management behavior,” and “environmental objectives.” (2) Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States are the main countries studying LULUCF. They focus on deforestation, forestry projects, economic issues, and sectoral response mechanisms respectively. (3) The focuses of social science research on LULUCF are land use management, response mechanism of policies, and economic problems. The main methods are engineering management and economics approaches represented by scenario analysis and general equilibrium models. This article provides some relevant suggestions for future research on LULUCF: improving LULUCF carbon accounting methods and the theory and means of monitoring land use and dynamic changes; paying attention to the scientific evaluation of forest management projects and its influence on the adjustment of forestry policies; and accelerating LULUCF carbon budget research and the formulation of emission reduction plans by land use sectors.

Key words: LULUCF, CiteSpace, forestry carbon, cluster, forest management projects, carbon budget, carbon offset