资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1600-1609.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.02

• 国土空间规划专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

国土空间规划法的立法逻辑与立法框架

严金明,迪力沙提·亚库甫(),张东昇   

  1. 中国人民大学公共管理学院土地管理系,北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-10 修回日期:2019-09-04 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 迪力沙提·亚库甫
  • 作者简介:严金明,男,江苏南通人,长江学者特聘教授,主要研究方向为土地利用与国土空间规划、自然资源管理理论与方法。E-mail: yanjinming@ruc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71661137009);国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA039);国土空间规划立法研究项目(2018FLW26);英国经济与社会研究理事会项目(ES/P004296/1)

Legislative logic and framework design of spatial planning law

YAN Jinming,DILISHATI· Yakufu(),ZHANG Dongsheng   

  1. School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2019-07-10 Revised:2019-09-04 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: DILISHATI· Yakufu
  • Supported by:
    Economic and Social Research Council(ES/P004296/1)

摘要:

国土空间规划立法是规划行为科学展开、规划实施有序进行、规划管理规范有效的重要保障。本文在总结国内外空间规划法律法规体系的基础上,分析了国土空间规划法的立法逻辑,探讨了国土空间规划法的立法框架。在立法定位上,国土空间规划法属于公法(行政法)范畴,具有公益性、强制性和行政性特征;在立法意旨上,应体现国家意志,促进永续利用,完善治理体系,提升治理能力;在立法精神上,应注重规划行政与权力配置、空间正义与行政效率、规划引导与空间管制、以法治权与程序公正等要点。关于立法总体框架,可从规划体系、规划编制、规划审议、规划实施、规划监管等方面设计。根据立法时序与立法紧迫性,本文提出由易到难的进阶立法路径,以期为国土空间规划法的制定提供参考。

关键词: 国土空间规划法, 立法逻辑, 公法定位, 立法意旨, 法律框架, 中国

Abstract:

Spatial planning law is an important guarantee for the scientific development of the planning, orderly implementation of the plan, and its effective management. Based on the summary of the Chinese and international spatial planning laws and regulations, this study analyzed the legislative logic of the national spatial planning law and discussed the legislative framework of the national spatial planning law. In terms of legislative orientation, the spatial planning law belongs to the category of public law (administrative law) and has the characteristics of promoting public welfare, and being compulsory and administrative; in terms of the legislative intent, it embodies the will of the state, promotes sustainable use, improves governance, and optimizes the spatial pattern of use; in terms of the spirit of legislation, it should pay attention to plan administration and power allocation, space justice and administrative efficiency, planning guidance and space control, and the rule of law and procedural justice. The overall framework of legislation can be designed from the aspects of planning system, plan development, plan review, plan implementation, and plan supervision. According to the legislative sequence and the urgency of legislation, this article proposes a gradually advanced legislative path from simple to difficult, in order to provide references for the formulation of the national spatial planning law.

Key words: spatial planning law, legislative logic, public law, legislative intent, legal framework, China