资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1589-1599.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.01

• 国土空间规划专栏 •    下一篇

新时代国土空间规划的十大关系

董祚继   

  1. 中国科学院大学国家土地科学研究中心,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-16 修回日期:2019-08-28 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 作者简介:董祚继,男,中国科学院大学国家土地科学研究中心主任、研究员,从事自然资源管理、国土空间规划和生态系统管理研究。E-mail: dongzuoji@126.com

Ten relations of territorial planning in the new era

DONG Zuoji   

  1. National Land Science Research Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-05-16 Revised:2019-08-28 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25

摘要:

国土空间规划作为“多规合一”改革的重要成果,反映了生态文明建设的根本要求和转变国土空间治理方式的现实需要,其中有大量理论和实践问题需要深入研究。本文重点讨论了十个基本关系问题。其中,规划与市场、空间规划与发展规划两大关系,是国土空间规划的基本关系,处理好这两大关系,才能合理确定国土空间规划的功能定位和职责边界,保证“多规合一”改革的正确走向;高质量发展与高品质国土、集聚开发与均衡发展、新型城镇化与乡村振兴、新城开发与城市更新四大关系,是国土空间规划的时代主题和主要内容,处理好这四大关系,才能有效发挥国土空间规划的作用;“三区”划分与“三线”划定、规范化与特色化、政策创新与技术创新、规划编制与规划实施四大关系,是国土空间规划的方法论,处理好这四大关系,是科学编制和有效实施国土空间规划的前提和基础。

关键词: 国土空间规划, 多规合一, 规划功能, 规划主题, 规划方法

Abstract:

Territorial spatial planning, as a main aspect of the “integration of multi-planning,” has addressed the fundamental requirements of constructing an ecological civilization and the practical needs of changing the governance mode of land and space. Numerous theoretical and practical issues need to be studied in depth. This article focuses on ten basic relations. Among them, the two major relations are planning versus market and spatial planning versus development planning, which constitute the basic relations of territorial spatial planning. Only by properly handling these two relations can we reasonably determine the functional orientation and responsibility boundary of territorial spatial planning and ensure the healthy development of the “integration of multi-planning” reform. Four other major relationships surrounding spatial planning are high-quality development versus high-quality national space, agglomerated development versus balanced development, new urbanization versus rural revitalization, and new town development versus urban renovation, which constitute the themes and main contents of land spatial planning. Only by dealing with these four relations properly can we give full play to the role of land spatial planning. From an methodological perspective, the four important relations include the division of “three zones” (urban space, agricultural space, ecological space) versus the delimitation of “three lines” (ecological protection, permanent basic agricultural land, urban development boundary), standardization versus special characteristics, policy innovation versus technological innovation, and planning versus planning implementation, which make up the key approaches of territorial spatial planning. Dealing with these four relations well is the premise and basis of scientific compilation and effective implementation of territorial spatial planning.

Key words: territorial spatial planning, integration of multi-planning, planning function, planning theme, planning method