资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1551-1562.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.08.14

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

农户生计视角下农地流转绩效评价及障碍因子诊断——基于武汉城市圈典型农户调查

陈曼,甘臣林,梅昀(),陈银蓉   

  1. 华中农业大学公共管理学院,武汉430070
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-03 修回日期:2019-06-13 出版日期:2019-08-28 发布日期:2019-08-21
  • 通讯作者: 梅昀
  • 作者简介:陈曼,女,湖北武汉人,硕士研究生,研究方向为土地经济与管理。E-mail: 792760919@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(14BGL203);教育部哲学社会科学重大课题攻关项目(14JZD014)

Farmland transfer performance and obstacles from the perspective of farmers’ livelihood:Based on rural household survey of greater Wuhan Metropolitan Area

Man CHEN,Chenlin GAN,Yun MEI(),Yinrong CHEN   

  1. School of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2018-12-03 Revised:2019-06-13 Online:2019-08-28 Published:2019-08-21
  • Contact: Yun MEI

摘要:

农户是农地流转最直观的感受者,农户生计满意度是农户基于自身设定的标准对生计变化做出的主观评价,是农地流转绩效的终端评价。从农户生计视角研究农地流转绩效并诊断其障碍因子,对于改善流转绩效、促进农村土地流转可持续发展意义重大。本文从自然、人力、物质、金融、社会、心理、政策7个维度构建满意度指标体系,采用熵权TOPSIS法和障碍度模型,对武汉城市圈主要流转模式进行绩效评价和障碍因子诊断。结果表明:①整个研究区的流转绩效水平一般;②影响农地流转绩效最重要的因素是政策资本、自然资本和心理资本;③影响农地流转绩效的主要障碍因子依次为:对尊重个人流转意愿的满意度(PS1)、对流转后农地质量变化的满意度(N1)、对政府农地流转政策监管服务工作的满意度(PO4)。可见,在推动农地流转过程中,政府起着至关重要的作用。为提高绩效水平,政府应在充分尊重农户意愿的基础上,健全流转制度和流程,规范管理机制,防范流转土地的非粮化和非农化。

关键词: 农地流转, 生计资本, 生计满意度, 绩效评价, 障碍因子, 熵权TOPSIS法, 武汉城市圈

Abstract:

Farmers are the most directly affected by farmland transfer policy. Their livelihood satisfaction is the subjective evaluation of the livelihood change based on their own standards and the ultimate assessment of farmland transfer performance. Examining the performance of farmland transfer and its barriers from the perspective of farmers’ livelihoods is of great significance for improving the performance of farmland transfer and promoting the sustainable development of rural land transfer. This study constructed a satisfaction index system from seven dimensions of natural, human, physical, financial, social, psychological, and policy capitals. The Wuhan Metropolitan Area was selected for case study, and the entropy weight Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method and the obstacle degree model were used to evaluate the performance of farmland transfer policy and reveal the obstacles. We found that the performance level of the entire surveyed area is average. The most important factors affecting the performance of farmland transfer are policy capital, natural capital, and psychological capital. The main obstacles that affect the performance of farmland transfer were farmers’ satisfaction with government’s respect for individual willingness to transfer (PS1), farmers’ satisfaction with changes in land quality after transfer (N1), and farmers’ satisfaction with government’s farmland transfer policy supervision work (PO4). The government plays a vital role in promoting the transfer of agricultural land. In order to improve the performance of farmland transfer, the government should improve the farmland transfer system and process, standardize the management mechanism, and prevent the non-food production and non-agricultural use of the transferred land on the basis of fully respecting the farmers’ wishes.

Key words: farmland transfer, livelihood capital, livelihood satisfaction, performance evaluation, obstacles, Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution, Wuhan Metropolitan Area