资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1500-1512.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.08.10

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境关心和制度信任对农户参与农村生活垃圾治理意愿的影响

贾亚娟1,2,赵敏娟1   

  1. 1.西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌712100
    2.西安财经大学管理学院,西安710100
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-29 修回日期:2019-06-01 出版日期:2019-08-28 发布日期:2019-08-21
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA052);陕西省社会科学基金项目(2018S15)

The influence of environmental concern and institutional trust on farmers’ willingness to participate in rural domestic waste treatment

Yajuan JIA1,2,Minjuan ZHAO1   

  1. 1.College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    2.School of Management, Xi’an University of Finance and Economics, Xi’an 710100, China
  • Received:2019-01-29 Revised:2019-06-01 Online:2019-08-28 Published:2019-08-21

摘要:

农村生活垃圾治理是全面改善农村人居环境的重要组成部分,农户既是垃圾的产生者也是治理成效的直接受益者。本文根据陕西农村地区的微观调查数据,利用双栏模型(DHM)考察环境关心对农户参与农村生活垃圾治理意愿(参与意愿及支付意愿)的影响;运用层次回归将制度信任对环境关心-农户参与治理意愿关系的调节效应纳入分析。结果表明:环境关心对农户参与意愿及支付意愿均存在显著正效应;制度信任不仅对农户参与意愿及支付意愿存在显著促进作用,而且还对环境关心-农户支付意愿之间的关系存在显著的正向调节效应;制度信任度高的农户,环境关心对其支付意愿的促进作用更强。此外,受教育年限及家庭人口数正向影响农户参与意愿,收入高的家庭参与垃圾治理的支付意愿相对更高。因此,提升农户环境关心意识、规范农户认可的法规制度以及创造良好的制度信任氛围,对于农村生活垃圾治理具有重要推动作用。

关键词: 农村生活垃圾治理, 参与意愿, 支付意愿, 环境关心, 制度信任, 调节效应, 陕西省

Abstract:

Rural domestic waste treatment is an important part of the overall improvement of rural living environment, and its effectiveness is closely related to the participation of the waste producer and direct beneficiary of the governance effect - farmers. Based on the household survey data of rural areas in Shaanxi Province, this study used the double-column model (DHM) to analyze and investigate the influence of environmental concern on the farmers’ willingness to participate in treatment (willingness to participate and willingness to pay) in rural domestic waste treatment. Using hierarchical regression analysis, the moderating effect of institutional trust on the relationship between environmental concern and farmers’ willingness to pay was studied. The results show that environmental concern has a significant positive effect on farmers' willingness to participate and pay;institutional trust not only significantly promotes the willingness to participate and pay of farmers, but also has a significant positive moderating effect on the relationship between environmental concern and payment willingness to pay of farmers. For farmers with high institutional trust, environmental concern plays a stronger role in promoting their participation. In addition, years of education and the number of family members positively affect the willingness of farmers to participate, and the willingness to participate in waste treatment of families with higher income is relatively stronger. Therefore, improving farmers’ awareness of environmental issues, adjusting regulations to increase their acceptance by farmers, and creating a good environment of institutional trust will facilitate promoting rural domestic waste treatment.

Key words: rural domestic waste treatment, willingness to participate, willingness to pay, environmental concern, institutional trust, moderating effect, Shaanxi Province