资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1427-1437.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.08.04

• 水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

水生态文明建设的公众参与意愿——5个国家级试点城市的1379份问卷调查

白永亮1,2,程奥星1,成金华1,2   

  1. 1.中国地质大学(武汉)经济管理学院,武汉 430074
    2.湖北省生态文明研究中心,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-28 修回日期:2019-04-11 出版日期:2019-08-28 发布日期:2019-08-21
  • 作者简介:白永亮,男,内蒙凉城人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为区域经济学与资源环境经济学。E-mail: writebyl@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金专项(18VSJ037)

Willingness of public participation in water ecological civilization construction:Based on questionnaire surveys from five pilot cities

Yongliang BAI1,2,Aoxing CHENG1,Jinhua CHENG1,2   

  1. 1.School of Economics and Management, China University of Ggeosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
    2.Hubei Province Ecological Civilization Research Center, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2018-08-28 Revised:2019-04-11 Online:2019-08-28 Published:2019-08-21

摘要:

在中国快速推进水生态文明建设的进程中,公众参与逐渐成为提升水生态文明建设效率的关键性因素。以湖北省5个国家级水生态文明城市的1379份调研问卷为研究样本,基于公众个体行为视角,通过构建结构方程模型,从环境、制度、认知3个层面划分了居民水生态文明建设参与意愿的影响因素,并研究其具体影响程度和存在的差异。研究结果表明:水生态环境状况、政府水生态文明建设工作、水生态文明认知对居民参与水生态文明建设意愿的影响系数分别为0.26、0.34、0.90;就目前公众参与意愿而言,水生态环境状况和政府对水生态文明建设的制度建设远不及公众对水生态文明建设的认知重要;在推进水生态环境治理和加强水生态文明制度建设的同时,当前公众参与的政策焦点应转变到提升公众的生态文明建设认知水平。

关键词: 公众参与意愿, 水生态文明建设, 居民认知, 制度建设, 湖北省

Abstract:

In the process of China’s rapid promotion of water ecological civilization construction, public participation has gradually become the key factor to improve its efficiency. This study examined the effect of environmental, institutional, and cognitive factors on residents’ willingness in participating in ecological civilization construction, using 1379 survey questionnaires from five national-level water ecological civilization construction pilot cities and a structural equation model under the conceptual framework of individual behavior. The empirical results show that the influence coefficients of water ecological environment, government’s water ecological civilization construction effort, and cognition of water ecological civilization on residents’ willingness to participate in water ecological civilization construction are 0.26, 0.34, and 0.90 respectively. Residents’ cognition of ecological civilization is the most important positive influencing factor, and the positive impact of environmental and institutional factors on willingness remains to be improved. On the basis of these findings, we suggest that the current construction of ecological civilization in China should focus on strengthening the cultivation of residents’ ecological civilization cognition while dealing with environmental problems.

Key words: willingness of public participation, water ecological civilization construction, residents’ cognition, institutional improvement, Hubei Province