资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1329-1338.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.07.13

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同类型农户对农地整治权属调整认知差异及其成因

汪文雄(), 刘志强   

  1. 华中农业大学公共管理学院,武汉430070
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-20 修回日期:2019-04-01 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-07-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:汪文雄,男,湖北汉川人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为农村土地整治与城乡统筹。E-mail:wwxylh2000@mail.hzau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71774065;71373097);华中农业大学人文社会科学优秀青年人才支持项目(2015)

Differences in farming households’ cognition of ownership adjustment benefits in rural land consolidation and causes

Wenxiong WANG(), Zhiqiang LIU   

  1. School of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2018-12-20 Revised:2019-04-01 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-25

摘要:

权属调整作为农地整治工作的核心环节,在降低土地细碎化、提高农业生产机械化及化解农地权属纠纷等方面有着不可替代的作用。农户作为农地整治项目的主要受益者,提高农户对农地整治权属调整的认知,是促进其参与权属调整,从而推进农地整治工作的关键。本文基于湖北省11个县(市、区)农地整治项目区的实地调研数据,采用有序Logistic回归分析法研究农地整治权属调整中不同类型农户的认知差异及其成因。研究结果表明:各类农户对农地整治权属调整的行为态度的认知普遍较高,对主观规范的认知普遍不高,而对感知行为控制普遍较低;不同类型农户对农地整治权属调整的认知态度、主观规范及感知行为控制3个方面均存在显著差异,且其认知的影响因素也不相同。基于研究结果提出了如下政策建议:加强农地整治权属调整差别化入户宣传工作,发挥各类农村社会经济组织的利益协调作用,加强权属调整的相关培训,充分发挥认知态度较高农户的带头示范作用等,以促使农户转变观念并形成科学认知,进而促进农地整治权属调整工作的顺利开展。

关键词: 农地整治, 权属调整, 农户, 认知, 差异, Logistic回归, 湖北省

Abstract:

As the core link of rural land consolidation work, ownership adjustment plays an irreplaceable role in reducing land fragmentation, improving mechanization of agricultural production, and resolving disputes over the ownership of agricultural land. As the main beneficiaries of rural land consolidation project, farmers’ cognition of ownership adjustment is the key to promoting their participation. Based on the field survey data of 11 counties of Hubei Province, this study examined differences of various types of farming households in their cognition of ownership adjustment in rural land consolidation and influencing factors by applying ordered logistic regression analysis. The results show that: (1) The behavioral attitude of four types of farming households (agricultural, heavily agricultural-oriented, lightly agricultural-oriented, and nonagricultural) are generally high, the subjective norms are generally not high, while the perceived behavioral control are generally low; (2) Different types of farming households showed significant differences in behavioral attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control, as well as their influencing factors. Based on these results, policy recommendations were put forward, including strengthening the differentiation of public campaign work for different households in rural land ownership adjustment, as well as mobilizing various rural social economic organizations in coordinating the interest of farmers, strengthening relevant training of ownership adjustment, and the full demonstration of farmers with higher cognitive attitudes, to improve farmers’ understanding and facilitate ownership adjustment in rural land consolidation work.

Key words: rural land consolidation, ownership adjustment, farming households, cognition, Logistic regression, Hubei Province