资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1306-1316.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.07.11

• 能源与矿产 • 上一篇    下一篇

政府政策和市场竞争对欧盟国家可再生能源技术创新的影响

李杨()   

  1. 中共广州市委党校经济学教研部
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-12 修回日期:2019-01-16 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-07-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李杨,女,湖南岳阳人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为气候变化与能源经济。E-mail: liyang_gzswdx@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    广州市委党校新型智库建设一般课题项目(DXZK1906C);欧盟让·莫内项目(564792-EPP-1-2015-1-CN-EPPJMO-CHAIR)

Impact of government policy and market competition on renewable energy innovation in EU countries

Yang LI()   

  1. Department of Economics, Party School of Guangzhou Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China, Guangzhou 510070, China
  • Received:2018-10-12 Revised:2019-01-16 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-25

摘要:

可再生能源技术创新在应对气候变化和推动能源转型中发挥着关键作用,党的十九大报告明确提出构建市场导向的绿色技术创新体系。与政府环境政策相比,市场力量是否能更有效地促进可再生能源技术创新?本文以可再生能源技术世界领先、政府环境政策实施较早以及能源市场自由化程度较高的欧盟为研究对象,结合线性与非线性、静态与动态面板回归方法研究政府政策和市场竞争对欧盟可再生能源技术创新影响。研究发现:①政府环境政策和市场竞争对可再生能源技术创新的影响均为正向,即两者能有效诱发可再生能源技术创新。②政府环境政策和市场竞争对可再生能源技术创新的正向影响存在显著的非线性门槛效应。随着政府环境政策强度加大,其对可再生能源技术创新的正向影响逐渐递减,即环境政策对创新的诱发作用是有限的。随着能源市场竞争程度加深,市场竞争对可再生能源技术创新的正向影响增加,即市场竞争对创新的诱发作用是有效且持续的。③通过将各成员国现状与门槛值进行比较,发现欧盟现阶段环境政策强度处于过高的门槛区间,市场竞争强度处于较为合适的门槛区间。④进一步研究更有针对性的可再生能源政策,发现不同政策对可再生能源技术创新的影响存在异质性。研究结果可为中国实现能源转型、深化电力体制改革以及建立全国可再生能源绿色证书交易机制提供政策依据。

关键词: 技术创新, 政策, 市场竞争, 可再生能源, 门槛效应, 欧盟

Abstract:

Renewable energy technological innovation plays a key role in coping with climate change and promoting energy transformation. The report of the 19th National Congress of China proposes to build a market-oriented green technology innovation system. To examine whether market force can promote renewable energy technological innovation more effectively than government policy, we made an empirical analysis by linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic panel empirical methods based on transnational panel data of the European Union, which is the world leader in renewable energy technology, environmental policy implementation, and energy market liberation. The results show that: (1) On the whole, both government environmental policy and market competition have a positive impact on renewable energy patents, that is, they have significant inducing effects on renewable energy technological innovation. (2) Both government environmental policy and market competition have significant non-linear threshold effect on renewable energy patents. With the increasing intensity of the government’s environmental policy, its positive impact on renewable energy technological innovation gradually decreases, that is, the inducing effect of policy is limited. With the deepening of energy market competition, the positive impact of market competition on renewable energy technological innovation increases, that is, market competition is effective and continuous in inducing renewable energy technological innovation. (3) By comparing the current situation and threshold values, we found that the majority of countries have crossed the threshold. That is, environmental policy intensity is too high, but market competition is in the appropriate threshold regime. (4) By examining renewable energy policy, we found that the impacts of different renewable energy policies on renewable energy technological innovation are heterogeneous. The results can provide some policy basis for China to achieve energy transformation, deepen the reform of electric power system, and establish a unified green certificate trading system of renewable energy.

Key words: technological innovation, policy, market competition, renewable energy, threshold effect, European Union