资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1250-1261.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.07.06

• 资源与环境经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

养殖废弃物治理经济绩效及其影响因素——基于北京市养殖场(户)视角

张诩(), 乔娟(), 沈鑫琪   

  1. 中国农业大学经济管理学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-05 修回日期:2019-03-09 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-07-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张诩,男,安徽蚌埠人,博士生,研究方向为农业经济理论与政策。E-mail: zhangxu_cau@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(18BGL169);现代农业产业技术体系北京市生猪产业创新团队项目(BAIC02)

Economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment and influencing factors: Based on data of farms in Beijing

Xu ZHANG(), Juan QIAO(), Xinqi SHEN   

  1. College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-10-05 Revised:2019-03-09 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-25

摘要:

养殖废弃物污染严重危害农村环境,但养殖场(户)往往缺乏养殖废弃物治理的积极性,而提高养殖废弃物治理经济绩效会大大提高养殖场(户)的治理积极性,这使得充分了解养殖场(户)的废弃物治理经济绩效及其影响因素显得尤为重要。本文运用DEA-Tobit两阶段模型分析北京市2017年调研数据,对养殖废弃物治理经济绩效进行测算并分析影响因素。研究发现:技术、管理及规模化对养殖废弃物治理的经济绩效有很强的促进作用,且技术与管理的促进作用大于规模化;养殖场(户)负责人偏好经营风险、养殖时间长、选择干清粪进一步选择机械干清、环评意愿强、周边农户施用粪肥积极性高对养殖废弃物治理经济绩效有显著正向影响,养殖场(户)愿意在适量的基础上进一步减少使用抗生素、约束类政策认知水平高对养殖废弃物治理经济绩效有显著负向影响;环境绩效高的养殖废弃物治理行为直接拉低其经济绩效,但能通过稳定社会关系对养殖废弃物治理经济绩效有促进作用。本文结论对提高养殖场(户)的治理积极性,进而提高养殖废弃物治理的环境与社会绩效,促进农业可持续发展具有一定理论和现实意义。

关键词: 养殖废弃物治理, 经济绩效, 影响因素, DEA-Tobit模型, 养殖场(户), 北京市

Abstract:

Pollution of livestock and poultry breeding waste seriously endangers the rural environment, but farms often lack the enthusiasm for the treatment of livestock and poultry breeding waste. Improving the economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment will greatly improve the enthusiasm of farm owners, therefore it is very important to fully understand the economic performance of the farms and its influencing factors. In this study, we imported the data from the 2017 survey in Beijing to measure the economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment and analyze the influencing factors using the data envelopment analysis DEA-Tobit model. From the results, we found that technology, management, and scale of waste management all have a strong support for the economic performance, and the supporting roles of technology and management are greater than scale. Other factors that have a significant positive impact on the economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment include higher business risk preference, long-term experience in breeding, advanced method of clearing the manure, strong willingness of conducting environmental impact assessment, and high enthusiasm of the surrounding farmers to apply manure. Factors such as farmers’ willing to reduce the use of antibiotics on an appropriate basis and the high level of binding policy cognition have a significant negative impact on the economic performance. Although livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment with high environmental performance can directly lower the economic performance of farms, it can also improve social relations. The conclusions of this study have important implications for improving the enthusiasm of farm owners for livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment, thereby improving the environmental and social performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment and promoting sustainable agricultural development.

Key words: livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment, economic performance, influencing factors, DEA-Tobit model, farms, Beijing