资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1213-1226.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.07.03

• 资源与环境经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

农民工回乡建房的家庭福利效应——基于福建省农民工流出地的调查

杨国永1(), 江强2, 田甜1, 许文兴3()   

  1. 1. 福建农林大学 公共管理学院,福州 350002
    2. 福建农林大学 计算机与信息学院,福州 350002
    3. 福建农林大学 管理学院,福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-22 修回日期:2019-04-17 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-07-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨国永,男,福建漳州人,副教授,主要研究方向为土地、住房与城乡发展。E-mail: 52128781@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17BFX085);福建农林大学科技创新专项基金项目(CXZX2017582);福建农林大学科技创新专项基金项目(CXZX2017353)

Household welfare change of migrant workers returning home to build houses:Based on a survey of migrant worker source areas in Fujian Province

Guoyong YANG1(), Qiang JIANG2, Tian TIAN1, Wenxing XU3()   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
    2. College of Computer and Information, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
    3. College of Management, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
  • Received:2018-10-22 Revised:2019-04-17 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-25

摘要:

居住是福利的重要组成部分,也是其他福利保障的基础。本文基于阿玛蒂亚·森的可行能力理论,构建回乡建房农民工福利评价指标体系;采用模糊数学综合评价方法,利用在福建省农民工流出地的问卷调查数据,评价农民工回乡建房的家庭福利效应;借鉴洛伦兹系数的计算方法,比较不同农民工回乡建房前后家庭福利差异。研究发现:回乡建房对农民工家庭福利有正向的促进作用,并在一定程度上缩小了建房家庭之间的福利差异;但农民工家庭福利仍然低于中等水平,其中家庭经济方面的福利变差。基于提高农民工家庭福利的目标要求,应推进农民工就地城镇化,提高实际居住福利;加强对农民工回乡建房引导与管理,倡导合理适度的住房建设,减轻因建房所造成的经济负担;盘活闲置宅基地和住房资源,增加农民工的财产性收入。比较建房前后福利变化可以较好地研判回乡建房对农民工家庭的影响,并有助于深化对此现象的理解,为政府制定政策提供依据。

关键词: 农民工, 回乡建房, 福利, 可行能力, 模糊数学, 洛伦兹系数, 福建省

Abstract:

Residence is an important part of welfare and the basis of overall well-being. Based on Amartya Sen’s theory of feasible capability, this study constructed a welfare evaluation index system for migrant workers in rural areas. Using fuzzy mathematics comprehensive evaluation method and questionnaire survey data of migrant workers in Fujian Province, this study evaluated household welfare change of migrant workers who returned home to build houses. Lorentz coefficient was used to compare the differences in family welfare before and after returning to the countryside. The study found that returning home to build a house has a positive effect on the welfare of migrant workers’ families and to some extent narrows the welfare difference between these families, but family welfare is still below the medium level and family economic situation gets worse. With the goal of improving the welfare of migrant workers’ families, we should promote the urbanization of migrant workers on the spot and improve the actual living condition, strengthen the guidance and management of migrant workers returning to the countryside to build houses, advocate reasonable and moderate housing construction, alleviate the economic burden caused by housing construction, revitalize idle homesteads and housing resources, and increase property-related income of migrant workers. Comparing the welfare changes before and after the construction of a house can improve understanding of the impact of returning home to build a house on migrant workers’ families and provide a basis for the government to formulate policies.

Key words: migrant workers, returning home to build houses, welfare, feasible capability, fuzzy mathematics, Lorentz coefficient, Fujian Province